The British Navy and the Caribbean 1689-1697

By Norton H. Moses, published February 1966


War with the French in 1689 threatened English Caribbean interests. Poor coordination was endemic between the Admiralty, the Lords of Trade and Plantations and the Governors of the Leeward Islands, Barbados and Jamaica.   Squadrons were sent out sporadically, not left on station year-round. Authority divided between local, regimental and naval commanders led to inefficiency compounded by hostility, treason, incompetence and avarice.   Inconclusive operations were conducted against various French possessions. Eventually, dynamic Governors had to fight French invasions and commission local ships for convoy and anti-privateer duties.   The war ended in 1697. The Navy had achieved and learnt little.

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Filed under: Atlantic | Nine Years' War | Pirates | Caribbean
Subjects include: Administration | Battles & Tactics | Logistics | Merchant Marines | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers | Strategy & Diplomacy

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