A German Challenge to British Shipping 1885-1914: its Magnitude, Nature and Impact in China

By Francis I.W. Jones, published May 1990


The challenge to British naval superiority by Germany prior to the First World War took place on three fronts: trade rivalry, colonial quarrels and the naval race for power. The article details the British superiority in merchant shipping, challenged after 1885 by the German merchant capabiity which operated through the successful use of the conference system.   This challenge is described in the case study of the China trade.

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Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Pacific | Other (location)
Subjects include: Merchant Marines

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