Between Newfoundland and the Malacca Strait: a Survey of the Golden Age of Piracy, 1695-1725

By Arne Bialuschewskia, published May 2004


In terms of the intensity of activity the thirty years between 1695 and 1725 were the “Golden Age” of piracy afloat. Early modern piracy flourished because it offered material gains rather than being a proletarian reaction to harsh working conditions at sea. Three widely-separated areas saw intense activity in turn between 1695 and 1725: the Indian Ocean until around 1703, the Florida Coast after 1715, and the North Atlantic after 1722 when pirates moved seasonally between the Caribbean and the American coastline as far north as Newfoundland. Buccaneers based in New England played prominent roles and Madagascar and the Bahamas flourished briefly as thriving piracy entrepôts. Piracy was largely eliminated when England and the other European maritime powers saw their oceanic commerce threatened.

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Filed under: Atlantic | Other (Early Modern) | Pirates | Other (Eighteenth C) | Indian Ocean | Caribbean | East India Company
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

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