Archive Results For: Antarctic

A Crisis that Never Came: the Decline of the Antarctic Whaling Industry in the 1950s and 1960s

By Bjørn L. Basberg

The twentieth-century Antarctic whaling industry had from the beginning been led by Norwegian companies and companies from a few other nations with strong Norwegian ties, especially Britain. This article analyses the decline and final closure of this part of the industry in the 1950s and 1960s. The nations that had dominated the industry were then […] Read More

Filed under: Post WW2 | Antarctic
Subjects include: Whaling & Fishing

Note: Experiences in Antartic Whaling in the Days of its Decline

By Sidney Brown

Appointed as a whaling inspector, the author witnessed whaling during the last years of the activity in the Antarctic. Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Antarctic
Subjects include: Whaling & Fishing

Viola/Dias: the Working Life and Contexts of the Steam Trawler/Whaler and Sealer

By Robb Robinson and Ian B. Hart

Viola was launched in 1906, and trawled the North Sea until requisitioned in WWI. After decommissioning and sale to Norwegians, she was renamed Kapduem, fitted with a harpoon gun and sent whaling off West Africa. In 1927 she was sold to Argentinians, renamed Dias and went to South Georgia for whaling, sealing and as an […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | North Sea | Nineteenth Century | Twentieth Century | Antarctic
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Science & Exploration | Whaling & Fishing

Dutch Whaling after the Second World War: Private Initiative and State Involvement

By Jaap R. Bruijn

The activities of the Dutch in entering the whale-catching industry in what was to be the declining years of the industry are set out comprehensively. In a period when oils and fats were in short supply after World War 2, to the change in demand away from whale oil to vegetable oil, coupled with the […] Read More

Filed under: Post WW2 | Antarctic
Subjects include: Whaling & Fishing

Chester, Liverpool and the Basque Region in the Sixteenth Century

By Janet E. Hollinshead

The reign of Elizabeth I saw increased commercial hostilities between England and Spain. The Basque region offered trading opportunities remote from the control of Spanish and French monarchs. Chester and Liverpool were similarly distant from the Tudor court. These North Western ports developed trade with the Basque region. Liverpool and Chester merchants struggled to maintain […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Irish Sea | Antarctic
Subjects include: Merchant Marines

200 Years of Admiralty Charts and Surveys

By Roger Morriss

A scientific cartographer, Dalrymple was meticulous in everything he undertook. His charts were models of clarity and elegance, and as accurate as the surveys on which they were based. Most of the surveying and charting in the first half of the nineteenth century was more in support of trade than of military matters. The final […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Napoleonic War | WW1 | North Sea | Mutiny & Discipline | Mediterranean | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Arctic | East India Company | Antarctic | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Harbours & Dockyards | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Merchant Marines | Navies | Science & Exploration

Young Cap’n Nat of Stonington

By Erwin Palmer

An account of the early voyages to the Antarctic continent of Nathaniel Brown Palmer, who went to sea as a Connecticut boy in the war of 1812 and was given command of the sloop Hero for a sealing expedition to the South Atlantic in 1820. Palmer is credited with being the first American to sight […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Antarctic
Subjects include: Biography | Science & Exploration

Alan Villiers, D.S.C, Litt.D. (Univ. of Melb.)

By Memorial address by Viscount Runciman of Doxford

Alan Villiers was a fine seaman and author.  His sailing apprenticeship included a  Tasmanian square-rigger and a four-masted barque.  Then the Äaland-owned Lawhill provided a berth.  Subsequently, he became a journalist, sailed in the Herzogin Cecilie; creating “Falmouth for Orders”.  Grace Harwar  provided his film-making debut.   He circumnavigated the world in Joseph Conrad, then sailed […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Indian Ocean | Twentieth Century | Pacific | Arctic | Antarctic
Subjects include: Biography | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

John Biscoe’s Voyage Round the World 1830-1833

By A. G. E. Jones

This paper examines Biscoe’s voyage which was instigated by Charles Enderby, one of the founder members of the Royal Geographical Society.  It was very much focused on discovery, rather than commercial profit, and proved a striking example of seamanship amidst huge difficulties.  Biscoe’s discoveries gave strong support to the existence of an Antarctic continent and […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Antarctic
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Edward Bransfield, Master R.N.

By A.G.E. Jones

Born in Cork, circa 1783 Bransfield was pressed in 1803. Steadily promoted he spent the Napoleonic War on various blockade and convoy duties, but no major actions. This was rectified when as Master of the Severn under Captain Aylmer he took part in the attack on Algiers in 1816. Proposing a new method of observing […] Read More

Filed under: Napoleonic War | Antarctic
Subjects include: Biography | Science & Exploration

Filter By Subject

Reset