Archive Results For: Baltic

Admiral Frederic Af Chapman’s Auxiliary Vessels for the Swedish Inshore Fleet

By Daniel G Harris

During the second half of the 18th century Swedish Admiral Af Chapman designed and built auxiliary vessels for use with Sweden’s Inshore Fleet in the Swedish and Finnish archipelagos with particular focus on the ongoing conflicts with Russia. The gun supply vessels, fresh water and horse carriers, artillery landing craft and hospital ships were innovative, […] Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Navies | Shipbuilding & Design

Peter the Great’s Combat Admiral: George Paddon, Captain, R.N.

By Richard H. Warner

Captain George Paddon RN (1690-1719) served as Rear Admiral in the Russian Navy from 1717 to 1719. This paper challenges the perception of Paddon as a disgraced Royal Navy officer and instead presents him as a distinguished fighting captain, especially chosen by Tsar Peter ‘The Great’ to revitalise the Russian Navy and appointed with the […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Atlantic | Baltic | English Channel | Other (Eighteenth C) | Mediterranean | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Serpent and the Dove: Studying Nelson’s Character

By Susan Harmon

Horatio Nelson is an established national hero but aspects of his character are complex and contradictory. This paper discusses Nelson’s underlying character with examples drawn in particular from his conduct at the Battle of Copenhagen, when he famously turned a blind-eye to the Commander-in-Chief’s order to withdraw, and courted controversy by seemingly threatening to burn […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Baltic
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

Humanity or Ruse De Guerre – Nelson’s Letter to the Danes

By Ole Feldbaek

During the battle of Copenhagen Nelson sent a short letter to the Danish Government asking them to cease hostilities to save the lives of Danes on ships which had surrendered. The motive for the letter remains contentious. Was it written for humanitarian reasons or was it a ruse, persuading the Danes to give up the […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Baltic
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Strategy & Diplomacy

Seamen’s Employment in the Netherlands c1600 – c1800

By Jaap R. Bruijn & Els S. van Eyck van Heslinga

This article examines the employment of seamen of different ranks engaged in merchant shipping, whaling, fishing, East India shipping and the navy from 1600-1800 sailing from the Netherlands to destinations around the world, including the Baltic and the Indian Ocean. The changes in numbers of men recruited from different regions within the Netherlands and foreign […] Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Other (Early Modern) | Indian Ocean | Other (location)
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Navies | Whaling & Fishing

Pintle and Gudgeon and the Development of the Rudder: the Two Traditions

By A. W. Sleeswyk and L. Th. Lehmann

Between c1200 and 1500, the stern rudder supplanted the side rudder from the Baltic to the Mediterranean.  The Chinese were using stern rudders much earlier.   In late twelfth century Europe, new iron uses were developed.  Frisian merchants began using stern rudders on cogs, with iron fittings above and below the waterline.  In the tideless Mediterranean, […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Baltic | Late Middle Ages | Early Modern | Mediterranean | Pacific
Subjects include: Ship Handling & Seamanship | Shipbuilding & Design

The Elizabethan Seaman

By Kenneth R. Andrews

The Elizabethan explorers are well known; not so the seamen.  Those mariners are seen through the jaundiced eyes of commanders of pressed men with low pay, crowded conditions and poor food. Local history sources, the 1582 shipping census and the Admiralty Court are needed to speak to the infrastructure beneath the seamen and masters, the […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Atlantic | Baltic | English Channel | North Sea | Indian Ocean | Caribbean | Pacific
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Some Unusual Ships in Thirteenth-Century Norway

By Bruce E. Gelsinger

The records describing several ships constructed very differently from contemporary Norwegian shipbuilding practice in the early decades of the thirteenth-century are analysed. They suggest an unsuccessful attempt to replicate the Byzantine dromon design, following the return of envoys to Constantinople, and the acquisition of a more effective English ‘snake’ and its incorporation in the Norwegian […] Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Late Middle Ages | North Sea
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

The First Steam Battleships

By D.K. Brown

During the 1840s, enmity & frequent crisis between Britain and France usually from colonial conflicts, resulted in a race to build steam-powered battleships.  British fear of invasion led, in 1845, to the Admiralty’s decision to refit four “elderly” ships of the line (Blenheim, Ajax, Hogue & Edinburgh) with propeller-driven, steam engines. Ajax, the world’s first […] Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Crimean War
Subjects include: Navies | Science & Exploration | Shipbuilding & Design

Memoirs of the Founder of Seaman’s Missions in 1801

By Roald Kverndal (editor)

A personal narrative by Rev. George Charles Smith, describing his experiences as a foretopman in HMS Agamemnon during the battle of Copenhagen in 1801. Smith laments the lack of spiritual support available to his shipmates, and attributes to God the Danish decision to grant a truce that, in his view, prevented the destruction of the […] Read More

Filed under: Napoleonic War | Baltic | Other (Nineteenth C)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

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