Archive Results For: Indian Ocean

The Ascent of Extranational Tide Tables

By Paul Hughes and Alan D. Wall

The nineteenth century saw the development of tidal prediction from synthetic, which predicts high and low water for diurnal and semidiurnal tides, to harmonic, which deals with the whole tidal profile. Starting in 1839, France had by 1874 calculated fifteen home ports, and her colonies with a volume based on Tonkin in 1873; America had […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | WW1 | English Channel | Interwar | Other (Nineteenth C) | Indian Ocean | Pacific | Other (location)
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Navies | Science & Exploration

Between Newfoundland and the Malacca Strait: a Survey of the Golden Age of Piracy, 1695-1725

By Arne Bialuschewskia

In terms of the intensity of activity the thirty years between 1695 and 1725 were the “Golden Age” of piracy afloat. Early modern piracy flourished because it offered material gains rather than being a proletarian reaction to harsh working conditions at sea. Three widely-separated areas saw intense activity in turn between 1695 and 1725: the […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Other (Early Modern) | Pirates | Other (Eighteenth C) | Indian Ocean | Caribbean | East India Company
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Grapnel Stone Anchors from Saurashtra: Remnants of Indo-Arab Trade on the Indian Coast

By A.S. Gaur, Sundaresh and Sila Tripati

Medieval stone grapnel anchors on the coast of Gujarat on the Arabian Sea were investigated from 1991 to 2001. These stone anchors probably originated between the eight and fourteenth centuries AD during an upsurge of Arab maritime activity starting in the second century AD which ended gradually after the arrival of the Portuguese. Generally long […] Read More

Filed under: Early Middle Ages | Late Middle Ages | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Archaeology

NOTE: The Fleet Air Arm and Emergency Responsive Action Iraq 1941

By J.M. Parkinson

When the pro-Nazi Raschid ali el Gailani seized power in Iraq in 1941 HMS Hermes was despatched to keep the head of the Persian Gulf safe for Allied shipping. The experiences of the pilots are detailed in this account of the Fleet Air Arm’s demonstration of naval power. Read More

Filed under: WW2 | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Naval Aviation | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Thirteenth Century Java Sea Wreck: a Chinese Cargo in an Indonesian Ship

By Michael Flecker

Dating back to the late 13th century this wreck lies in 26m of water some 110nm North of Jakarta and 40nm off the Sumatran coast. She displaced around 300 tonnes. Earlier looting had taken place prior to the granting of a salvage licence in 1996. The nature of her cargo implies that the ship was […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Indian Ocean | Other (location)
Subjects include: Archaeology

‘Handsome Willie May’: a Reappraisal

By Mary Jones

Willie May (1849-1930) has been accused by historians of vanity, incompetence and unpopularity. His career spanned the sailing and “steam and torpedo” Navy. It merits reappraisal. Promoted methodically from sea duties, experimental vessels, European naval attache, royal yachts and the newest battleship, May acquired considerable experience and fame. Curiously, most of May’s appointments were relinquished […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Channel | North Sea | Mediterranean | Indian Ocean | Arctic
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Navies | Science & Exploration | Ship Handling & Seamanship | Submarines | Weapons

Image and Reality in Eighteenth-Century Naval Tactics

By N. A. M. Rodger

The history of naval tactics inspects communications, control and leadership; particularly in battle.  Planned manoeuvres and the reality often differed. The admiral’s style of command, from autocratic to trusting, was often decisive. Signals were ambiguous, if received. Ships manoeuvred idiosyncratically; rarely in concert. Collision, confusion and a disorganised line of battle might result. Improved signals […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War | Baltic | North Sea | Eighteenth Century | Nineteenth Century | Indian Ocean | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Ship Handling & Seamanship

Robert Kemball (1823-87), Master of the Clipper Thermopylae and Commodore of the Aberdeen White Star Line

By Raymond J Skinner

Founded by George Thompson in 1825, the Aberdeen Line grew to be a global trading company by the 1840s. The firm participated in the development of the tea clipper, commissioning numerous new ships, including the record-breaking Thermopylae, the fastest merchant sailing ship afloat at the time she entered service (1868).   Suffolk-born Robert Kemball was the […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Channel | Other (Nineteenth C) | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Biography | Merchant Marines | Ship Handling & Seamanship | Shipbuilding & Design

Ringstone Anchors from Gujarat, West Coast of India

By A. S. Gaur, Sundaresh, S. Tripati, S. N. Bandodkar

Marine archaeology off Dwarka and Somnath on the Gujarat coast of western India (1988-2000) discovered 25 single-hole circular stone objects, made of basalt or limestone, most weighing over 100kg. Identified as ringstone anchors, they probably date from between the eighth and fourteenth centuries. They were found with other types of stone anchor suggesting that boats […] Read More

Filed under: Medieval | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Archaeology

A Type of Ship on the Indian Ocean in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries

By Norbert Weismann

This article is a study of the design, construction, rigging and sails of one type of the many indigenous ships used in the Indian Ocean during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  In the absence of early pictures and with no found remains of such ships, the study is based on an analysis of illustrations from […] Read More

Filed under: Early Modern | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

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