Archive Results For: Mediterranean

Book Review-‘German Malta Maps by A. Ganado’ and J. Schiro : ‘The Charting of Maltese Waters: A historical account’ by W. Soler and A. Ganado

By J.D.Davies

These two books are published by the Maltese company BDL, one of several local publishers producing excellent maritime history books that deserve a much wider readership. Both cover superficially similar themes and are produced to a high standard; moreover, both are co-authored by Dr Albert Ganado, the distinguished Maltese cartographer. However, they have very different […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean
Subjects include: Harbours & Dockyards

Book Review-‘The Medieval Nile: Route, navigation and landscape in Islamic Egypt, by J. P. Cooper

By Deborah Cvikel

Herodotus (History, 2.5) named Egypt as the ‘gift of the river’. Cooper (p. 1), believes that Herodotus’ description suggests a rather passive Egypt, while in reality it was an active society interacting with the environment — the Nile, in which the main component was river navigation. Therefore the title and subtitle of this book convey […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Book Review-‘Six Victories: North Africa, Malta and the Mediterranean Convoy War November 1941– March 1942’ by V. P. O’Hara

By Derek Law

From 1940 to 1943 the Mediterranean was a key theatre of operations where two conflicting logistical needs intersected. For the Axis the capacity of their land forces to operate in North Africa depended on their ability to run supply convoys from Italy to Libya. For the Allies, the ability to sustain Malta as an offensive […] Read More

Filed under: WW2 | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics

Book Review – ‘Lords of the Sea: A history of the Barbary Corsairs’ by Alan G. Jamieson

By H. J. K. Jenkins

Jamieson subtitles his introduction ‘The Barbary Legend’: that term is appropriate. The subject matter involves a period of several centuries and, in terms of narrative, the theme is both colourful and full of adventure. However, the story of the Barbary Corsairs tells of deeper matters: protracted politico-religious struggle on the grand scale, complete with a […] Read More

Filed under: Eighteenth Century | Pirates | Mediterranean | Nineteenth Century
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Book Review – ‘Navigation et géographie dans l’antiquité greco-romaine’ by Jean-Marie Kowalski

By Anthony Jones Papalas

Kowalski begins by discussing how the Greeks imagined the sea. It was the realm of pirates; it separated lovers, and nurtured shady merchants. Plato compared the Greeks to frogs never far from water and lamented the sea’s corrupting influence on Greek civilization. But Kowalski’s main purpose is to analyse the works of the Greek geographers […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Miscellaneous | Ship Handling & Seamanship

Book Review – ‘Shipping, Trade and Crusade in the Medieval Mediterranean: Studies in honour of John Pryor’ by Ruthy Gertwagen and Elizabeth Jeffreys (eds)

By Anthony J. Papalas

This book consists of 20 essays on the medieval Mediterranean, divided into three rubrics – shipping, trade and the crusades. The studies, which are of high scholarly value and for pinpoint specialists, are in honour of the eminent scholar John Pryor. The focus of this review will be on the essays which deal with maritime […] Read More

Filed under: Medieval | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Note: Admiral Byng: Justice thwarted

By Peter Cowell

Admiral John Byng wrote on 25 May 1756 (five days after the inconclusive engagement or defeat on 20 May 1756) a despatch on the ship Ramillies, off Minorca, and sent it to ‘the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty’ in London. On 26 June 1756 ministers omitted crucial parts of it when the London Gazette printed what appeared to […] Read More

Filed under: Seven Years’ War | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Science & Exploration

The Egyptian Navy of Muhammad Ali Pasha

By John Houghton

Muhammad Ali (Mehmed Ali in Turkish) ruled Egypt as Ottoman governor from 1805 to 1848. Defeating all internal opposition, he initiated a series of changes to Egyptian society and the economy that vastly increased his revenue and thereby enabled him to create an army of 140,000 men and a navy which matched that of the […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Nineteenth Century | Other (Nineteenth C)
Subjects include: Administration | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

How to Defend the Turkish Straits Against the Russians: A century-long ‘Eastern Question’ in British defence planning, 1815–1914

By Gültekin Yıldız

The integrity of the Ottoman Empire was a fundamental concern in nineteenth-century European politics, often referred to as ‘the Eastern Question’. The main military aspect of this question was how Istanbul and the Turkish Straits, namely the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, could be defended against a probable Russian attack by land, sea or both. The […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C)
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

The Battle of Marathon and the Persian Navy

By Anthony J. Papalas

In the summer of 490 bc the Athenians secured their freedom and that of the European Greeks by defeating a Persian army in the battle of Marathon. Herodotus gives a sketchy description of the battle without any material information on the size of the respective armies but states that the Persians arrived at Marathon with […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Logistics | Navies

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