Archive Results For: Mediterranean

The Voyage of Leucippe and Clitophon: a New Interpretation

By Deborah Cvikel, Yaacov Kahanov, Baruch Rosen, Hadas Saaroni & Ehud Galili

As told in a novel of the second century ad, the couple Leucippe and Clitophon boarded a ship sailing from Beirut to Alexandria. The ship, apparently a 20-metre-long coaster, set out on a SW course, driven by an easterly wind. On the third day the wind shifted abruptly to the south-west, and the sea rose. […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Art & Music | Science & Exploration

Between Shoal and Wall: the Naval Bombardment of Akko, 1840

By Yaacov Kahanov, Eliezer Stern, Deborah Cvikel & Yoav Me-Bar

HMS Pique bombarded Akko during the attack by a British–Austrian–Ottoman fleet on the Egyptian-held town on 3 November 1840. Three of her cannonballs were discovered during renovation of the El-Shazliya Mosque in Old Akko, embedded in an inner eastern wall facing the sea. Reduced scale experiments simulating the firing of cannonballs at this wall were conducted by […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Other (Nineteenth C)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Ship Handling & Seamanship | Weapons

From Lateen to Square Rig: the Evolution of the Greek-owned Merchant Fleet and its Ships in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

By Apostolos Delis

Between the middle of the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries shipping became a major economic activity for many Ionian and Aegean communities. The growth of the merchant marine of the Ionians and Aegean Greeks under both Venetian and Ottoman sovereignty, and that of the kingdom of Greece after 1830, are examined in relation to shipping […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Administration | Harbours & Dockyards | Merchant Marines | Shipbuilding & Design

Tactics of Sixteenth Century Galley Artillery

By Joseph Eliav

The use of artillery in Mediterranean galley warfare was often perceived as being restricted to the firing of single salvos at very short range before ramming and boarding the enemy ship enabled the main fight in close combat. The article contests the reasons contemporary literature gives for this tactic and argues that it was both […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

The Gun and Corsia of Early Modern Mediterranean Galleys: Design Issues and Rationales

By Joseph Eliav

An early modern Mediterranean galley carried its main piece of artillery on a wheelless mount inside the raised centreline gangway (the corsia). The gun mount stood on two well-lubricated rails that sloped downwards from fore to aft. In its firing position, the gun was in the bows and when fired recoil propelled it all the way […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Shipbuilding & Design | Weapons

‘A Practical Skill that was Without Equal’: Carsten Niebuhr and the Navigational Astronomy of the Arabian Journey, 1761–7

By Lawrence Baack

Carsten Niebuhr was the astronomer/cartographer for the Danish expedition to Arabia in 1761–7. He established the practicality of Tobias Mayer’s lunar distance method for determining longitude, which became the predominant basis for the determination of longitude in the last decades of the eighteenth century. Niebuhr was also a pioneer in the application of astronomy to […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C) | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Biography | Science & Exploration

Othello, ‘Turn[ing] Turks’ and Cornelis de Bruyn’s Copperplate of the Ottoman Port of Famagusta in the Seventeenth Century

By Michael J.K. Walsh

Cornelis de Bruyn’s copperplate engraving of Famagusta, Cyprus, reproduced in Reizen van Cornelis de Bruyn door de vermaardste Deelen van Klein Asia (Delft, 1698) may at first sight seem unremarkable. Upon closer inspection, however, it offers some valuable insights into, and raises some important questions about, the Ottoman port of Famagusta and its relationship with the ‘West’. […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Art & Music | Harbours & Dockyards

The Oar System of the Venetian Quinquereme

By Joseph Eliav

Hardly a book or article on early-modern naval matters fails to address the Venetian quinquereme built by Vettore Fausto in 1526–9. Yet the design of that ship and particularly the design of her unique five-man oar system have remained an enigma, which this article aspires to resolve. After showing that a five-man system based on […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Manpower & Life at Sea | Shipbuilding & Design

Note: Cooking aboard Merchant Ships in the Classical World

By Derek Irwin

This detailed account of cooking facilities used aboard merchant ships in the classical world  uses archeological as well as literary evidence to support the argument that food was both carried and prepared on board during overnight passages in the Mediterranean. Read More

Filed under: Popular Topics | Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Archaeology | Manpower & Life at Sea

Sea, Ship and Seaman in Early Christian Literature

By R.W.H. Miller

Texts from the early Christian era contain a number of references to the sea, ships and sailors which afford useful information for the maritime historian regarding ships, attitudes to the sea and maritime communities during the Late Antiquity. These writings, primarily of Orthodox Christians, are mainly concerned with the Mediterranean and offer interesting insights into […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

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