Archive Results For: Mediterranean

From Lateen to Square Rig: the Evolution of the Greek-owned Merchant Fleet and its Ships in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

By Apostolos Delis

Between the middle of the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries shipping became a major economic activity for many Ionian and Aegean communities. The growth of the merchant marine of the Ionians and Aegean Greeks under both Venetian and Ottoman sovereignty, and that of the kingdom of Greece after 1830, are examined in relation to shipping […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Administration | Harbours & Dockyards | Merchant Marines | Shipbuilding & Design

Tactics of Sixteenth Century Galley Artillery

By Joseph Eliav

The use of artillery in Mediterranean galley warfare was often perceived as being restricted to the firing of single salvos at very short range before ramming and boarding the enemy ship enabled the main fight in close combat. The article contests the reasons contemporary literature gives for this tactic and argues that it was both […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

The Gun and Corsia of Early Modern Mediterranean Galleys: Design Issues and Rationales

By Joseph Eliav

An early modern Mediterranean galley carried its main piece of artillery on a wheelless mount inside the raised centreline gangway (the corsia). The gun mount stood on two well-lubricated rails that sloped downwards from fore to aft. In its firing position, the gun was in the bows and when fired recoil propelled it all the way […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Shipbuilding & Design | Weapons

‘A Practical Skill that was Without Equal’: Carsten Niebuhr and the Navigational Astronomy of the Arabian Journey, 1761–7

By Lawrence Baack

Carsten Niebuhr was the astronomer/cartographer for the Danish expedition to Arabia in 1761–7. He established the practicality of Tobias Mayer’s lunar distance method for determining longitude, which became the predominant basis for the determination of longitude in the last decades of the eighteenth century. Niebuhr was also a pioneer in the application of astronomy to […] Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C) | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Biography | Science & Exploration

Othello, ‘Turn[ing] Turks’ and Cornelis de Bruyn’s Copperplate of the Ottoman Port of Famagusta in the Seventeenth Century

By Michael J.K. Walsh

Cornelis de Bruyn’s copperplate engraving of Famagusta, Cyprus, reproduced in Reizen van Cornelis de Bruyn door de vermaardste Deelen van Klein Asia (Delft, 1698) may at first sight seem unremarkable. Upon closer inspection, however, it offers some valuable insights into, and raises some important questions about, the Ottoman port of Famagusta and its relationship with the ‘West’. […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Art & Music | Harbours & Dockyards

The Oar System of the Venetian Quinquereme

By Joseph Eliav

Hardly a book or article on early-modern naval matters fails to address the Venetian quinquereme built by Vettore Fausto in 1526–9. Yet the design of that ship and particularly the design of her unique five-man oar system have remained an enigma, which this article aspires to resolve. After showing that a five-man system based on […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Manpower & Life at Sea | Shipbuilding & Design

Note: Cooking aboard Merchant Ships in the Classical World

By Derek Irwin

This detailed account of cooking facilities used aboard merchant ships in the classical world  uses archeological as well as literary evidence to support the argument that food was both carried and prepared on board during overnight passages in the Mediterranean. Read More

Filed under: Popular Topics | Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Archaeology | Manpower & Life at Sea

Sea, Ship and Seaman in Early Christian Literature

By R.W.H. Miller

Texts from the early Christian era contain a number of references to the sea, ships and sailors which afford useful information for the maritime historian regarding ships, attitudes to the sea and maritime communities during the Late Antiquity. These writings, primarily of Orthodox Christians, are mainly concerned with the Mediterranean and offer interesting insights into […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

David Thomas and the Schooner Mercury, 1871-1891

By Michael Dey

The life is depicted of David Thomas, an ordinary British captain in the time of Queen Victoria. Captain of the schooner Mercury from 1871 to 1891, Thomas was a part shareholder in the John Duthie and Co naval enterprise, located in Aberdeen. A collection of self-purchased documentation and records (such as shipping provision expenditure and […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Mediterranean | Other (Nineteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Administration | Harbours & Dockyards | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies | Ship Handling & Seamanship

Note: Sailing with Arms in the Classical World

By Derek Irwin

Artefacts recovered from shipwrecks in the Classical world have enhanced understanding of trade in the ancient world. Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Archaeology | Merchant Marines | Weapons

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