Archive Results For: Antiquity

Vegetius and Taccola: Was medieval writing on war at sea of any practical use?

By Susan Rose

For much of the medieval period little time was devoted to the discussion of how war should be waged at sea. Discussion on war was often based on the writings of Flavius Vegetius Renatus, from the late fourth or early fifth century. His short treatise De re militari is based on the works of earlier […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Strategy & Diplomacy | Weapons

The Case of the Roman Transom Bow

By Vittorio Bovolin

The discovery of a Roman boat with a transom end during the construction of a Metro line in Naples has reopened the discussion about whether this end is the bow or the stern of the boat. This issue was debated through the twentieth century and still continues today. Discussion so far has mainly been focused […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Archaeology | Shipbuilding & Design

Did Vessels Beach in the Ancient Mediterranean? An assessment of the textual and visual evidence

By Gregory F. Votruba

The practice of beaching seafaring ships in the ancient Mediterranean is a widely accepted phenomenon. This paper examines the evidence for beaching and outlines the various methods, tools and technology employed. While habitual beaching for seafaring vessels is testi ed for the Geometric Period Aegean, for later periods the evidence is primarily negative. With the […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Ship Handling & Seamanship

Note: A Close Examination of an Ancient Naval Artefact

By Aldo Antonicelli

An identification of an ancient bronze artefact as a secondary ram. Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Weapons

Caesar’s crossing of the Adriatic Countered by a Winter Blockade During the Roman Civil War

By Ian Longhurst

During the Roman Civil War that broke out in 49 bc between Julius Caesar and Pompey naval operations played a critical role. In order to confront Pompey’s army quickly in the Balkans, a major amphibious crossing of the Adriatic was undertaken by Caesar’s army. The text of Caesar’s Civil War and other sources, including Lucan’s […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Archaeology | Battles & Tactics | Navies

Note: Tyrrhenian Naval Iconography During the First Ice Age: the origin of Etruscan ships

By Francesco Tiboni

Starting from a critical analysis of some of the most important evidence concerning Etruscan maritime activities, the evolutionary line linking the ninth-century BC Villanovan clay models to the sixth-century BC figures of Etruscan ships is re-evaluated. Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Archaeology | Art & Music | Ship Models & Figureheads

The Ships from Herodium

By Yaacov Kahanov, Deborah Cvikel, Silvia Rozenberg, Yakov Kalman, Rachel Chachy & Roi Porat

Ships are depicted in two nautical scenes in the unique wall paintings discovered in the Royal Room next to the private small theatre of Herod the Great at Herodium near Jerusalem. The walls of the Royal Room were finely adorned with wall paintings and stucco decorations, dated to about 20–15 BC. The first scene, on […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music

The Voyage of Leucippe and Clitophon: a New Interpretation

By Deborah Cvikel, Yaacov Kahanov, Baruch Rosen, Hadas Saaroni & Ehud Galili

As told in a novel of the second century ad, the couple Leucippe and Clitophon boarded a ship sailing from Beirut to Alexandria. The ship, apparently a 20-metre-long coaster, set out on a SW course, driven by an easterly wind. On the third day the wind shifted abruptly to the south-west, and the sea rose. […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Art & Music | Science & Exploration

Note: Cooking aboard Merchant Ships in the Classical World

By Derek Irwin

This detailed account of cooking facilities used aboard merchant ships in the classical world  uses archeological as well as literary evidence to support the argument that food was both carried and prepared on board during overnight passages in the Mediterranean. Read More

Filed under: Popular Topics | Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Archaeology | Manpower & Life at Sea

Sea, Ship and Seaman in Early Christian Literature

By R.W.H. Miller

Texts from the early Christian era contain a number of references to the sea, ships and sailors which afford useful information for the maritime historian regarding ships, attitudes to the sea and maritime communities during the Late Antiquity. These writings, primarily of Orthodox Christians, are mainly concerned with the Mediterranean and offer interesting insights into […] Read More

Filed under: Antiquity | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

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