Archive Results For: Tudors

The Most High-Spirited Man on Earth

By Michael Harrington

On the San Bernabe, the English admiral uttered, in Spanish ‘ Here die I, Richard Grenville, with a joyful and quiet mind…having ended my life as a true soldier ought to do, that fought for his country, Queen, religion and honour, whereby my soul most joyfully departeth…’ But those ‘traitors and dogs’ who surrendered must […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies | Weapons

Carrack into Galleon

By A. H. Taylor

The author discusses progressive developments in ship types, armaments and fighting tactics between 1509 and the Armada in 1588, in the political and mercantile context of the period. The large fighting forecastle of the Carrack fell out of favour with the introduction of larger guns and the transition from hand weapons leading to development of […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers | Weapons

A Woman Shipowner

By Florence E Dyer

Agnes Cowty was a successful woman shipowner in Dundee. Fellow Scottish merchants had been suffering heavy depredations by English pirates operating in the English Channel. After two particularly heavy losses they petitioned King James and with his help the English Court and were awarded partial compensation. In 1582 Agnes Cowty’s ships were captured and two […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake’s Prayer

By D. Bonner-Smith

An exploration of how what was referred to by Field Marshall Montgomery, the BBC and has become widely known as Drake’s prayer developed from the words that Drake wrote in a letter in 1587 while riding at Cape Sakar. The words were adapted deliberately by the Dean of York and the Canon of Worcester when […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Wars by Sea and Land 1588 – 1592

By J F Ruthven

Tenison was a member of SNR and the many volumes of Elizabethan England were reviewed in Mariner’s Mirrors as each was published. This article is a review of Volume 8 and a good description is given of the painstaking research that Tenison carried out using contemporary sources and often rewriting our knowledge and understanding of […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | The Armada | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Elizabethan Navy and the Armada Campaign

By D. W. Waters R.N.

This review of the Armada Campaign assesses the resources and organisations of the combatants for war, the objects of their policies and the preparations they made to achieve them, as well as the course of the Armada actions in 1588. What had each side learned from recent events such as Hawkins’ action at San Juan […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Ship Handling & Seamanship

The Evidence About the Golden Hind

By Gregory Robinson

This article gives a well reasoned reappraisal of the ‘facts’ available about the Golden Hind, derived from various sources, concluding with a definitive, if somewhat qualified, description of her dimensions, decoration, equipment, fittings, arming, rigging and manning. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Organized Piracy Round England in the Sixteenth Century

By C. l'Estrange Ewen

Despite the title of this article, it actually covers a brief history of piracy around the British Isles leading up to the sixteenth century, when it then concentrates on the activities of pirates based around the area of Poole, Dorset. It gives details of their adventures, in both the contemporary and modern senses, their markets […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | High Middle Ages | North Sea | Irish Sea
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

The Sources of the Clinker and Carvel Systems in British Boat Construction

By James Hornell

The author attributes the once widespread clinker (or clincher) approach to the influence of Scandinavian boat builders, particularly the Vikings. The carvel system in which planks are butted together rather than overlapped, originated in the Mediterranean and was adopted in Britain in the time of Drake. The superior strength of carvel-built vessels eventually made this […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Early Middle Ages | Late Middle Ages | English Channel | High Middle Ages | North Sea | Irish Sea
Subjects include: Leisure & Small Craft | Shipbuilding & Design | Whaling & Fishing

Queen Elizabeth’s Gunpowder

By E.W. Bovill

Trade in maritime stores and sugar with Morocco had been carried on by Tudor vessels for many years, to the fury of the Portuguese authorities who regarded Africa as their own legitimate fiefdom. Driven out of Agadir in 1541, th Portuguese thereafter blamed the English for having supplied the arms. Blamed by Spain for having […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

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