Archive Results For: Tudors

Naval Buttons Part I

By Michael Lewis

The story of the naval button starts in 1748, the year when naval uniforms were first introduced. There are but three button designs now uniform for all in the Royal Navy, the Royal Naval Reserve and the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, from the Admiral of the Fleet to rating. One is assigned to Flag officers […] Read More

Filed under: Napoleonic War | Tudors | English Channel | WW2 | French Revolution | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Administration | Archaeology | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

An Unrecorded Map by Diogo Homem

By Charles Relly Beard

In 1546-7 Diogo Homem had executed a map for a certain Venetian, one Aloisius Blancus. When completed, Blancus refused either to receive or pay for it. Unhappily this, Homem’s earliest recorded map, has not survived or at least it has not so far been traced. The earliest of Diogo’s maps so far discovered is a […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Baltic | Mediterranean | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Navies | Science & Exploration

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part VIII Appendices

By Michael Lewis

The article contains further explanations for a few points addressed in the main article on the Armada guns: “The English, Spanish and Italian pound in 1588”, “The musket in 1588” and “The missing guns of the N.S. Del Rosario and San Salvador”, a question that arises from discrepancies in the numbers of Spanish guns captured […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Navies | Weapons

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part VII The Lessons of the Armada Fight

By Michael Lewis

This is the seventh article in a series on the armaments in use by both English and Spanish navies in 1588. The conclusion is that the artillery on neither side was effective. The English guns fired shot that was too light to penetrate Spanish ships except at extreme short range and the heavier shotted Spanish […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armament Part VI Comparisons

By Michael Lewis

This  part of the series of articles  compares the armaments of the English and Spanish fleets in the Armada campaign. A detailed analysis reveals that previous assumptions are flawed. The Spanish fleet fired a total weight of shot at least equal to the English, and with fewer pieces, they fired heavier balls shot for shot. […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part V The Guns of the Spanish Fleet, 1588

By Michael Lewis

This is Part 5 of a series comparing the size and number of guns present on ships that took part in the Armada. Dealing with the guns of the Spanish Fleet, the author concludes that (a) that the gun-power of the Spanish Armada, when compared with that of the English Fleet, was very weak in […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Weapons

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part IV The Auxiliary English Fleet

By Michael Lewis

This is Part 4 of a series providing details of the size and number of guns present on ships that took part in the Armada. Dealing with the auxiliary ships that made up the English Fleet proved difficult as there are no complete records giving the armament of the auxiliaries. The author uses what records […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Weapons

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part III The Queen’s Ships in July 1588

By Michael Lewis

This article is the third comprising an extensive and meticulous study of the guns on board the ships on both sides when the English encountered the Spanish Armada in July 1588. This part of the study provides a detailed estimate of the gun-power of the 34 ‘Queen’s Ships’, drawing on evidence from lists of both […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Weapons

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part II The Guns of the Queen’s Ships 1569-99

By Michael Lewis

In Part II of his study Michael Lewis considers the armament carried by the Queen’s Ships. His studies are complicated by the lack of specific information from the year 1588, he therefore builds his thesis with reference to lists of armament from before and after the Armada date. Starting with “Sir William Wynter’s Proportion” of […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Navies | Weapons

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part I Introduction

By Michael Lewis

This article concerns the hypothesis and the first category (ordinance classification) of an eight article comprehensive exploration of the subject, each of MM issues 1942/1/2/3/4 and 1943/1/2/3/4 containing one article continuing the subject. In this first article Lewis states his hypothesis that superiority of guns and their range were vital to English victory. In order […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

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