Archive Results For: Tudors

The Lord High Admiral and the Board of Admiralty

By W G Perrin

“Lord High Admiral” dates from Elizabeth I’s reign. Outlined here are the periods from then until 1709 when either a single person held this office, or when in contrast it was entrusted to a group of Commissioners; and summarises what is known of the responsibilities and perks suggested or agreed. In 1684-5 (and in practice […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Navies

Burghley’s Notes on the Spanish Armada

By Florence E Dyer

In 1588 details of the Spanish Armada were published in Lisbon, in a folio giving full particulars of the ships and squadrons of each province and summarising the totals of ships officers, men and stores. It was published in Latin, French, Dutch and Italian and an English translation of the French edition was published later […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

The Elizabethan Sailorman

By Florence E. Dyer

The accounts of the maritime expeditions of the Elizabethan Age offer an insight into the lives of the ordinary crew members. They suffered from bad food and inadequate clothing, sleeping on deck or in the hold. Health was the great problem, in particular scurvy. Expedition leaders tried to ensure the health of their crews by […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | The Armada | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

The Mace of the Admiralty Court

By W. Senior

The silver oar which is placed on the table below the Bench in the Admiralty Court is the visible sign of a maritime tribunal’s authority. In his article Senior attempts to establish the date on which this symbol of the court’s standing arose. The contemporary mace is not particularly old and probably dates from the […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | High Middle Ages | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration

The Early Naval Lieutenant

By Isabel G. Powell

The lieutenant first appears as a naval officer about the year 1580. Under Elizabeth his appointment rested entirely with the captain,” who generally made his choice from among his personal friends”. The lieutenant was, in consequence, an officer of social position, as his superior officer was. A lieutenant is an employment for a gentleman well-bred, […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Civil War | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Battles & Tactics | Merchant Marines | Navies

Drake’s Voyage of Circumnavigation: Some of the Original Sketches

By Florence E. Dyer

Drake’s circumnavigation of the globe was recorded by the expedition’s Chaplain, Francis Fletcher, with his notes and accompanying sketches now preserved in the British Museum. Fletcher’s records range from the reasonably accurate, for example of flying fish, to the fanciful, such as his description of ‘Giants’. The notes, but not the sketches, were published by […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Atlantic | Francis Drake | Caribbean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

A Transformation in Armament

By Engineer Commander F L Robertson RN

In the first half of the sixteenth century a complete change in naval gun-armament took place, from the large calibre bombard, manufactured from longitudinal metal strips welded together, to the truck gun, cast first in bronze and later in iron. Spherical stone projectiles with low muzzle velocity were superseded by cannon balls of relatively high […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Weapons

The Lord Admiral’s “Whistle of Honour”

By G.E. Manwaring

In an article by Sir Julian Corbett it was clearly shown that the Lord Admiral had two whistles – one his “whistle of honour,” and the other his “whistle of command”. These whistles, which were of gold, and about a span in length, were suspended from a massive gold chain, frequently set with precious stones, […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies

Fresh Light on Drake

By Geoffrey Callender

Juan de Castellaňos (1522-1607), soldier and adventurer turned poet and historian, is best remembered for his ‘Elegies on Celebrated Persons in Overseas Spain.’ Volume one was published in 1589 but the other three were suppressed until the mid-eighteenth century, probably because of the 6,000 lines devoted to Sir Francis Drake. Castellaňos is rated a diligent […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Auxiliary Oars

By R. C. Anderson.

Auxiliary propulsion for sailing vessels is a logical development. One hybrid between a ship and a galley was the Mediterranean galleass. Another was Henry VIII’s Great Galley.   A Greenwich two-decker model, puzzlingly marked Bristol 1666, may be the earliest showing oar-ports, as do later trading gallies. A 60 gun two-decker, probably Spanish, dated early 18c, […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Atlantic | Baltic | Other (Eighteenth C) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Navies | Ship Models & Figureheads | Shipbuilding & Design

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