Archive Results For: Tudors

The Dress of the British Seaman Part I

By G.E. Manwaring

British sailors, in Roman times, wore, poetically, blue or azure leather. The sea-kit of the Cinque ports was a blue woolen tunic.   Chaucer’s 14c seamen preferred blue or brown serge knee-length gowns; still seen recently amongst West Country fishermen.   Cotes, jacketts and doublets, gowns, shirt, hose and shoes were provided to crew.   Tudors liking for […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Antiquity | Medieval | Early Modern | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Art & Music | Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Navies

More Doubts about Decks

By R.C. Anderson

Did artists of the Sixteenth Century portray actual ship construction methods or is it safe to assume ships were built entirely differently? A controversial issue is that of stepped decks. From the evidence of Anthony Anthony’s contemporary drawings we have portraits of every ship in the English Navy in 1545 as well as M de […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Art & Music | Navies | Shipbuilding & Design | Weapons

Drake at the Suit of John Doughty

By W. Senior

Thomas Doughty was beheaded in Patagonia by Drake in 1578. Doughty’s brother, John, commenced murder proceedings against Drake upon their return to England.   After establishing his locus standi, Doughty had to apply to, crucially, both the High Constable and the Earl Marshal of the Court of Chivalry for trial by combat.   Queen Elizabeth declined to […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline
Subjects include: Administration

The Trial and Death of Thomas Doughty

By Gregory Robinson

Robinson makes it very clear he is no fan of Sir Francis Drake and that in his view he was not only elevated to the level of a national hero but also to virtually a saint. With the Reformation banning saints and relics substitutes were needed and Drake fulfilled the role. Robinson then deals in […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake and his Detractors Part III

By Geoffrey Callender

In this third paper, the author considers the process of Doughty’s trial. Although Doughty pleaded guilty to the charges, he offered in his defence (or mitigation), the fact that he had supported Drake, found him influential friends at Court, and planned and financed the voyage. Drake was able to produce counter-evidence, and the jury, finding […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Drake and his Detractors Part II

By Geoffrey Callender

In the second of this series the author considers another of Drake’s detractors, John Cooke. Drake’s crews included a significant number of young noblemen to prepare them for naval command, and Cooke was one of these. Cooke’s account of Drakes voyage only records the first, fractious section as his ship, Elizabeth, turned back after the […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Drake and His Detractors Part I

By Geoffrey Callender

This paper is a response to Robinson’s ‘A Forgotten Life of Francis Drake’ in MM 1921/1, particularly the criticism of its author, and the execution of Thomas Doughty on a number of charges including theft from a prize and brutality. He suggests that the criticism of Drake is based only on the evidence of two […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

A Forgotten Life of Sir Francis Drake

By Gregory Robinson

In this paper the author reviews some of the current literature relating to Francis Drake, highlighting the fact that most histories tell only that half of his story, reflecting his role at Cadiz and in the Armada. The paper reminds us that there was another side to Drake: the plunderer of undefended towns in Spanish […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Other (location)
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers | Science & Exploration

An Unknown Painting of the “Sovereign of the Seas”

By G. E. Manwaring

A hitherto unknown painting of “Sovereign of the Seas” by L.A. Castro has recently been sold for Lady Henry Grosvenor of Quenby Hall, Leicestershire by Knight Frank and Rutley for 875 guineas. Consideration of this painting suggests that it is the long lost original from which all subsequent representations have been taken, including those of […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music

Henry VIII’s “Great Galley”

By R.C. Anderson

On 25th October 1515, just over a year after the launch of the Henry Grace a Dieu, another remarkable ship was added to the English Navy. Named at the launch Princess Mary or Virgin Mary, she was generally known as the Great Galley and for nearly 50 years was one of the largest ships in […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

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