Archive Results For: American Revolution

The Striped Flag of the East India Company, and its Connexion with the American “Stars and Stripes”

By Sir Charles Fawcett

The author, the then Editor of the India Office series The English Factories in India, commences by reviewing the complex evidence for the use made by the East India Company  in the seventeenth , eighteenth and nineteenth   centuries,  of flags containing varying numbers of alternating red and white stripes.  The top stripes were ‘ broken […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | American Revolution | East India Company
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Case of the Sartine

By D. Bonner Smith

On 1 May 1780 the unarmed French vessel Sartine was fired on by HMS Romney whilst flying ‘cartel’ flags. When intercepted she was carrying prisoners of war back to France after the fall of Pondicherry. The showing of cartel flags should have guaranteed safe passage but on this occasion her captain also ran out a […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | American Revolution
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Capture of the Washington

By D. Bonner Smith

The American armed brig Washington was captured on 5th December 1775 off Cape Anne by HMS Fowey after a chase of 2 ½ hours. Her ensign was a white field with a green pine tree in the middle with the motto: Appeal to Heaven. She was turned down for being bought into the Royal Navy […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | American Revolution
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Some Letters of Admiral the Hon. Samuel Barrington Part II

By Hon. Samuel Barrington

This series of letters to and from the admiral deal mainly with his command of the Leeward Station and his role in the capture of St Lucia from the French in the American War of Independence. In passing, there are insights into the state of piracy and slavery in the Caribbean and comments on the […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | American Revolution | Pirates | Other (Eighteenth C) | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Strategy & Diplomacy

Letters from Sir Samuel Hood 1780–1782

By J. H. Owen

The article contains nine letters written in 1780 by Sir Samuel (later 1st Viscount) Hood whilst serving as Commissioner at Portsmouth. The early letters in the series are addressed to his friend Henry Shales and simply forward news Hood had received concerning the progress of events in the war. In September 1780 Hood was promoted […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | American Revolution | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

The Privateering Voyages of the Tartar of Bristol

By Bertram M. H. Rogers

The Tartar was a 20 gun, 3 masted ship with a crew of 121 men that was procured as a privateer by John Chilcott and Co., Bence Lockier and Woodward, and Lucas and Son. The ship first set sail from Bristol in 1778 under the command of John Chilcott junior, the son of the owner, […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | American Revolution
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Trincomali

By Captain L.H.S.C. Cary R.N.

This article traces the long struggle carried on between the European colonial powers to take and hold possession of Trincomali over the period from 1622, when the Portuguese first occupied it in alarm at the possibility of the Dutch forming establishments in the island, to the end of the Napoleonic Wars with particular reference to […] Read More

Filed under: American Revolution | French Revolution | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Indian Ocean | East India Company
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Harbours & Dockyards | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

Document: Commodore Johnstone’s Improvements 1779

By courtesy of D. B. Smith

The letter from Commodore George Johnstone to the Admiralty sought permission to make a number of changes to the equipment of his command, HMS Romney. These included, amongst others, installing two windlasses on the forecastle to help with handling the rig and exchanging the common yawl for a cheaper and better sailing Norway Yawl or […] Read More

Filed under: American Revolution | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Navies | Ship Handling & Seamanship

The Hughes-Suffren Campaigns

By Vice-Admiral Sir Herbert W. Richmond

It is impossible to reconcile Admiral Ballard’s account of the Hughes-Suffren campaigns in the April 1927 Mariner’s Mirror with the extensive contemporary evidence. Ballard is incorrect in asserting a number of points, including that Hughes lost his nerve before the end of the 1782 campaign; that after the battle on September 3rd 1782, Hughes was […] Read More

Filed under: American Revolution | Health at Sea | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Ship Handling & Seamanship

The Last Battlefleet Struggle in the Bay of Bengal

By Admiral G.A. Ballard

Following the declaration of war in1778 both France and Britain dispatched squadrons to Indian waters, which were progressively reinforced as the campaign progressed.   The French fleet was initially under the command of Admiral D’Orves but he succumbed to tropical disease and was succeeded by Suffren. The French succeeded in giving some support to the land […] Read More

Filed under: American Revolution | Indian Ocean | East India Company
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Harbours & Dockyards | Navies

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