Archive Results For: Spanish Succession

Some Aspects of the Life and Career of William Sutherland

By Cris Mallagh

This paper offers some new insights into aspects of the life and work of the shipwright William Sutherland (1668–1740). He went to sea in 1679 and advanced to master carpenter by 1692. Afterwards he served three years as quarterman at Portsmouth under his uncle William Bagwell. At Deptford in 1715 he became embroiled in controversies […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Other (Early Modern) | Internal Waterways
Subjects include: Biography | Shipbuilding & Design

The Growth of Plymouth Naval Base and European Tensions, 1717–32

By Christopher Ware

Between 1715 and 1727 Britain sent nine substantial squadrons to the Baltic to safeguard its interests. However, as the situation in the north of Europe began to settle, distrust began to increase again between Britain and Spain over Gibraltar and trade in the West Indies. Fighting at Gibraltar in 1727 led to an extended period […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Austrian Succession | English Channel
Subjects include: Harbours & Dockyards | Strategy & Diplomacy

Sir Jacob Acworth and Experimental Ship Design during the Period of the Establishments

By Peter Hemingway

Acworth’s career quickly progressed, hindered only in its success due to suspension for negligence, after which he was quickly reinstated. Acworth had unprecedented control over ship design as Master Shipwright. His contributions included designing light and simple ‘snug ships’. The ‘new manner’ of shipbuilding based on Newtonian theory was embraced by Acworth with mixed, but […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Austrian Succession | English Channel | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Biography | Shipbuilding & Design

A Place of Considerable Importance: Lord Cochrane and the Siege of Roses 1808

By Justin Reay FSA

Roses was the perfect place for French strategic needs. Less than half a day’s sail from Barcelona and within a day’s fast sail of the main French Mediterranean naval port of Toulon. As Lord Cochrane was to state, ‘the key to Catalonia’ which would only be safe if there was no danger of an assault […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Napoleonic War | Spanish Succession | Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Harbours & Dockyards | Merchant Marines | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy | Weapons

The Sinking of the Galleon San Jose on 8 June 1708: an Exercise in Historical Detective Work

By Carla Rahn Phillips, John B Hattendorf & Thomas R Beall

In 1708 a Spanish fleet sailed from the Isthmus of Panama to Cartagena on the northern coast of South America carrying a large amount of gold, silver and other valuables. The Spanish ships were attacked by an English squadron and following a battle, the Spanish flagship San José exploded and sank. No-one knows exactly where […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

The Royal Naval Hospital at Minorca, 1711: an Example of an Admiral’s Involvement in the Expansion of Naval Medical Care

By Kathleen Harland

In the development of naval hospitals in the early eighteenth century, the initiative of commanders-in-chief was paramount. In Minorca in 1711, Admiral Sir John Jennings headed a campaign to build a permanent hospital in Minorca, a decision that led to clashes with the Admiralty and the Board of Sick and Wounded. His project lends insight […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Mediterranean | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Navies

Adventuring Your Estate: the Origins, Costs and Rewards of Woodes Rogers’s Privateering Voyage of 1708-11

By Tim Beattie

In August 1708 the Duke and Duchess; two private men of war, set sail from Kingroad, near Bristol. This was a commercial venture supported by the Crown, but funded privately by West Country businessmen who were yet to benefit from the burgeoning slave trade. By some measures it would be the most successful privateering expedition […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Spanish Succession | Pirates | Pacific
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

The Galleon San José, Treasure Ship of the Spanish Indies

By Carla Rahn Phillips

The Spanish treasure galleon, San José, has become noteworthy for the amount of treasure with which she was loaded, and for her demise, a catastrophic explosion, during an attack by a British squadron under Commodore Wager in 1708 off Cartagena in what is now Colombia. Now her remains have become a target for treasure hunters, for whom […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Caribbean
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Anglo-Spanish Naval Relations in the Eighteenth Century

By Jeremy Black

By concentrating on relations with France, British historians have tended not to devote sufficient attention to the Spanish dimension of eighteenth century diplomacy and warfare. Contemporaries however were aware that the Spanish navy was a real force. A key to British success in the conflicts of the period was its ability to isolate that navy, […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

British Intelligence for the North Atlantic Theatre of the War of Spanish Succession

By J.D. Alsop

Debunks the myth that the Duke of Marlborough had a functional intelligence system during the War of Spanish Succession and shows that the reality was a dearth of information on French activities from sparse, disparate and uncoordinated sources. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Spanish Succession
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

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