Archive Results For: High Middle Ages

‘Bednelfysch and Iseland Fish’: Continuity in the Pre-Industrial Sea Fishery of North Northumberland, 1300-1950

By Adrian G. Osler and Katrina Porteous

Article examines the record of types, amounts, costs and dates of fish purchased for Durham Priory according to Cellarer’s Account Rolls over 12 months 1333-4 and states that they compare closely to records of 1480-81. Examines records of the cells of Holy Island and Farne 1350-1550 and assesses types of fish caught in artisan fisheries […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | North Sea | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Whaling & Fishing

Shipbuilding and Nautical Technology in Japanese Maritime History: Origins to 1600

By William Wayne Ferris

Sources relating to developments in Japanese ship building and maritime practices are sparse before 1600, although evidence does exist in the form of archaeological artefacts, artistic representations and written descriptions. Traditional Japanese ship design and nautical methods had assumed their fundamental shape by 900 AD. This was to change from 1300 AD onwards with Japan […] Read More

Filed under: Early Middle Ages | Late Middle Ages | High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design | Strategy & Diplomacy

Fourteenth-Century English Balingers: Whence the Name?

By William Sayers

The etymologies of ‘balinger’ in the OED, from Fr. baleiner, ‘whaling ship’, and in the Middle English Dictionary, from Old French balingue, ‘beacon at sea, buoy’, are discounted, as is the route from Romance words for ‘coaster’, from Dutch bylander, in favour of Old Norse byrðinger, and thence to Middle Irish birrling and birlinn and […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | High Middle Ages | North Sea | Irish Sea
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

The Use of Quicklime in Medieval Naval Warfare

By William Sayers

Whether medieval navies used quicklime to incapacitate enemy sailors and to render their decks treacherous has not been satisfactorily answered. Drawing on the accounts of numerous medieval authors, including literary figures, this article proposes that quicklime was seen as a potential weapon. Evidence from actual sailors is admittedly scant, but observers described its use in […] Read More

Filed under: Late Middle Ages | English Channel | High Middle Ages | North Sea | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Weapons

The Thirteenth Century Java Sea Wreck: a Chinese Cargo in an Indonesian Ship

By Michael Flecker

Dating back to the late 13th century this wreck lies in 26m of water some 110nm North of Jakarta and 40nm off the Sumatran coast. She displaced around 300 tonnes. Earlier looting had taken place prior to the granting of a salvage licence in 1996. The nature of her cargo implies that the ship was […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Indian Ocean | Other (location)
Subjects include: Archaeology

Note: The Scend of the Sea – Etymology

By William Sayers

The use of ‘send’ or ‘scend’ is examined, with the derivations of both words taken back to Norse origins. Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Note: The Whitchurch Canonicorum (Dorset) Vessel

By Basil Greenhill and Ann Gifford

The carving of a medium-sized medieval cog on this church is very unusual, and may record the successful shipbuilding at Lyme and Bridport in the fourteenth century. Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music

Bayonne and the King’s Ships 1204-1420

By Susan Rose

This article asks and answers many questions about the relationship between the port of Bayonne and the King of England in the thirteenth century. A duty of ship-service was clearly understood and undertaken by ships from Bayonne, and Bayonnese ships were also required to protect shipping engaged in trade between Bayonne and the West Country. […] Read More

Filed under: Late Middle Ages | English Channel | High Middle Ages
Subjects include: Harbours & Dockyards | Merchant Marines | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

The Cobles: Celtic Boats in Anglo-Saxon Northumbria?

By Katrin Their

The first use of the word cuople as a description of a litle ship took place in a tenth century Northumbrian monastery, and the article traces the use of the word through Welsh, Breton and Irish. It also identifies the types of boats such as Scottish cobles, and the developmen from skin covered to plank […] Read More

Filed under: Late Middle Ages | High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous | Shipbuilding & Design

Document: English Shipping to Guyenne in the Mid-Fifteenth Century: Edward Hull’s Gascon Voyage of 1441

By courtesy of Hannes Kleinere

This document is an example of the procurement of shipping for a voyage to Gascony in 1440 for Edward Hull, a royal envoy, by Thomas Gille, a Dartmouth shipowner, the provisions made, the costs involved and the administrative process preceding eventual repayment. Gille had performed this service more than once before but on this occasion, […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages
Subjects include: Logistics | Manpower & Life at Sea

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