Archive Results For: High Middle Ages

The Effectiveness of Fifteenth-century Shipboard Artillery

By Dr Kelly de Vries

Land-based gunpowder weapons were mounted in ships from the 1330s and thereafter were modified specifically for maritime use. Shipboard guns were primarily defensive weapons in the 14th and 15th Centuries. While highly unlikely to sink an enemy’s vessel, their anti-personnel and morale effects were significant. By the end of the period, however, heavier cannon were […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Weapons

A Note on Sixteenth Century Shot Nomenclature

By D.M. McElvogue

An examination of the words used to describe the ‘cross-bar’shot found in the Alderney site. Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Weapons

The Identification of Fifteenth-Century Ship Types in Scottish Legal Records

By A.D.M. Fortie

Legal rules of interpretation can contribute to the identification of Scottish medieval ship types from records such as charters granting the right to levy harbour tolls. In particular, the “farcost” may be identified as a cargo boat in the coastal trade, smaller than a ship. The “caumfer” is likely to have been a small ship, […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | North Sea
Subjects include: Administration | Merchant Marines

The Commercial Shipping of Southwestern England in the Later Fifteenth Century

By Wendy R. Childs

An examination of the overseas voyages of south-western ships primarily through the surviving national customs accounts records for Devon, Cornwall, Somerset and Dorset. The ships of the south-west were called on to carry an extremely varied range of goods. They also took pilgrims destined for Santiago de Compostella to Corunna. Their voyages took them to […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | High Middle Ages
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Ship Handling & Seamanship

Coopers and Casks in the Whaling Trade 1800-1850

By Mark Howard

Most whale oil casks were fairly large which meant the staves were bigger, more numerous and the cask correspondingly more difficult to assemble. ‘A cooper at large work is an old man… at forty… his physical energies then are nearly all exhausted’, said one experienced cooper in 1850. The years they spent stooping over their […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | High Middle Ages | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Shipwrecks | Arctic | Other (location)
Subjects include: Archaeology | Harbours & Dockyards | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Whaling & Fishing

The Origins of the Ancient Methods of Designing Hulls: A Hypothesis Part II

By Sergio Bellabarba

A follow-on to the author’s article in the Mariner’s Mirror August 1993, this suggests a letter to Charles I of Anjou (King of Sicily) in 1275 confirms the existence of well-established methods of galley construction, survived from ancient times and possibly a carry-over from the crusade of 1204, and yet evolving from ‘shell-first’ to (load-bearing) […] Read More

Filed under: Early Middle Ages | Late Middle Ages | Antiquity | High Middle Ages | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

The Liao and the Displacement of Ships in the Ming Navy

By André Wegener Sleeswyk

The Ming emperors of China conducted a number of large naval expeditions around the world. The numbers and sizes of the ships involved exceed all previous efforts. However, various reports of the sizes of the ships in the fleets of Cheng Ho and other Chinese explorers have highlighted probable errors, either in the reporting of […] Read More

Filed under: Medieval | High Middle Ages | Pacific
Subjects include: Navies | Science & Exploration | Shipbuilding & Design

A Surviving Charter-Party of 1323

By Robin Ward

During the High Middle Ages wine merchants trading between Bordeaux and the British Isles entered into a formal contract called a charter-party with ship masters or owners. This was an agreement normally covering the cargo, freight charges, destination, time limit and payment of dues and other charges. Following delivery of the cargo, the charter-party was […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | High Middle Ages | English Channel
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines

Note: Cargo Handling and the Medieval Cog

By Robin Ward

A discussion of the problems which may have been encountered when handling cargo in a cog. Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Ship Handling & Seamanship

Note: England’s Naval Trauma 1066

By C.D. Lee

This questions whether Harold Godwine, the newly crowned king, was the victim of the weather as much as of William the Bastard. Read More

Filed under: Early Middle Ages | High Middle Ages | English Channel
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

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