Archive Results For: High Middle Ages

The Kadirga Revisited: a Preliminary Re-Appraisal

By Lucien Basch

Tradition dates the last remaining preserved galley, the Kadirga in Instanbul Maritime Museum, to the reign of Mehmet II who died in 1481. In a previous Note (MM 60, 133-134) this author had queried this early date. Having since revisited the ship and also discovered a 17th century Dutch print which appears to show the […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Shipbuilding & Design

The Rock of Sintra: Colombus’s Landfall

By Robert M. Rose

The paper argues that the subject matter of a painting in the National Maritime Museum has been wrongly described. The author maintains that it depicts Colombus’s landfall on return to Europe in 1493 after his first voyage of discovery and not the Infanta Donna Beatriz arriving in Villefranche in 1522. A following Note from the […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | High Middle Ages | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Art & Music | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

The Date of the Hastings Manuscript Ships

By G.F. Howard

Two pictures of ships in a Pilot’s Guide are amongst manuscripts known as ‘A Collection of the Ordinances of Chivalry of the 15th Century’, formerly owned by Lord Hastings but now in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Early 20th Century scholars dated the manuscripts around 1450 but improved knowledge of medieval ships now suggests […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | High Middle Ages
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

The Medieval Ports and Trade of North East Yorkshire

By Bryan Waites

The difficulties of inland communications made the coastal ports of Scarborough and Whitby particularly important to the local economy, together with first Yarm and then Coatam on the Tees estuary.  Whitby shared the coal trade with Scarborough, and enjoyed a major part of the substantial trade in herrings (and salt). The merchants of Scarborough secured […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | High Middle Ages | North Sea
Subjects include: Merchant Marines

English Barges and Balingers of the Late Fourteenth Century

By J.W. Sherborne

Barges and balingers were sea-going oared vessels with masts, with barges generally being of greater tonnage although balingers often had more oars.  Together they sometimes comprised over a quarter of English naval fleets, with crews sufficient to pull (on average) 44 oars, which were often out-numbered by the complement of soldiers and archers.  Barges and […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | High Middle Ages | North Sea
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Note: The Anti-Hogging Hull of the Cog of Bremen

By Robert M. Rose

An argument is presented in favour of the “up-tilt of the ends of the keel” as part of the structure and as shown in the Seal of Wismar, 1250. Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Henry V’s Grace Dieu and Mutiny at Sea: Some New Evidence

By Susan Rose

Grace Dieu was  ready for service in 1420.  A recently-found document indicates that she sailed from Southampton with the Earl of Devon’ s expedition to “keep the seas”.   The King’s Council commissioned two gentlemen to take the muster of mariners and soldiers.  The Grace Dieu leaders flatly refused and the crew rose up, insulted, maltreated […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | High Middle Ages | Mutiny & Discipline
Subjects include: Administration | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies | Shipbuilding & Design

A Fourteenth Century Cordage Account for the King’s Ships

By Timothy J Runyan

Little is known about the personnel who made up the English naval service. The accounts of the admirals, clerks and other officials are available at the Public Records Office. To provide an account of what sort of information royal accounts can provide, the clerical account for the period 1358-63 which was rendered to the exchequer […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | High Middle Ages
Subjects include: Administration | Logistics | Navies

Ships of Private Origin in the Mid-Tudor Navy: the Lartigue, the Salamander, the Mary Willoughby, the Bark Aucher and the Galley Blanchard

By Richard Boulind

These five ships, not Royal-built nor always in Royal service, illustrate the readiness of the Tudor navy to embrace diversity.  Lartigue was engaged in Franco-Scottish diplomacy and English espionage.  Salamander transported royalty and took part in the Channel battles.  Mary Willoughby, when captured by the Scots, became a successful merchant raider, before being recaptured.  Bark […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | English Channel | High Middle Ages | North Sea | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Administration | Merchant Marines | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

The Survival of Ancient Mediterranean Boat Designs

By A. F. Tilley

The sea-going Phoenicians colonised the Mediterranean and Portuguese shores.  From ancient carvings of their boats, it is perhaps possible to recognise modern survivors of those designs. Common characteristics, irrespective of size, are double-ended carvel-built hulls, with conspicuous bow and stern, tilt or turtle canopies, and similar oarage.  Examination of construction, related myths and linguistic characteristics […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Early Middle Ages | Late Middle Ages | Antiquity | High Middle Ages | Mediterranean | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Shipwrecks
Subjects include: Archaeology | Leisure & Small Craft | Merchant Marines | Ship Handling & Seamanship | Shipbuilding & Design

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