Archive Results For: Napoleonic War

Friendship, Humanity and Heroism: The Legacy of 2005

By Colin White

The text of the speech given by Colin White at the National Trafalgar Night Dinner in 2005. Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies

‘A Man of Business’: Nelson as Commander in Chief Mediterranean, May 1803 – January 1805

By Colin White

The Nelson letters published in 2005 include over 500 dating from 1803-5 that demonstrate his attention to detail as well as to strategy.  Maintaining his lines of communication; encouraging his officers; prescribing operational tactics; protecting commerce; securing provisions and naval stores; organising reconnaissance and nurturing diplomatic relations: all received Nelson’s attention, together with the previously […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Administration | Logistics

John Richards Lapenotiere and HM Schooner Pickle and their Fifteen Minutes of Fame

By Peter Hore

35-year old Lieutenant John Richards Lapenotiere had sailed to the Pacific but lacked ‘interest’; the origins of the Pickle are unclear; after rescuing Jeanette from the burning French Achille, they were chosen in the storm after the Battle of Trafalgar to carry Collingwood’s despatches to England.   Lapenotiere sailed north for nine days, landing at Falmouth […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War | English Channel
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics

Trafalgar 1805: Strategy, Tactics and Results

By Rémi Monaque

This article examines the campaign and battle of Trafalgar from the French perspective. Poorly conceived by Napoleon, who was ignorant of sea power and without competent professional advice, the campaign could only have been saved by a commander of exceptional talent. Admiral Villeneuve was not such a man. Pessimistic from the outset, he was unable […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Ship Handling & Seamanship

Robert Southey, his Biography of Nelson and the ‘Deplorable Transaction’

By Mike Baker

Robert Southey wrote his Life of Nelson in 1813 and this biography is responsible largely for the concept today of Nelson as the quintessential heroic figure. Southey harshly criticised Nelson for his actions regarding the court martial and subsequent execution of Commodore Caracciolo in 1799. The sources used by Southey were flawed as were his […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography

Surgery at Trafalgar

By Sir James Watt


The success of surgery at sea depended upon the health and welfare of the patient as much as the skill and experience of the surgeon. The disparity between the health, hygiene, morale and medical support between the two fleets could not have been greater. The article outlines the British as opposed to the French surgical […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War
Subjects include: Administration | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

The Final Sacrifice off Cape Trafalgar

By Julian de Zulueta

This article is a deeply personal account of the battle from a widely respected scholar. He lays the responsibiity for the tragedy of Trafalgar at Napoleon’s door, detailing his design for the great enterprise and the extent to which Napoleon underestimated his own fallibility. The article details the strength, design and speed of the Spanish […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

‘…All was hushed up’: the Hidden Trafalgar

By Dr. Michael Duffy

Examination of the performance of British admirals and captains at Trafalgar reveals great differences in their abilities. Comparison of Nelson’s battle plan, the order of battle he allotted to his ships, and the times at which they opened fire show that half were in action within twenty minutes of Nelson and Collingwood and bore the […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Strategy & Diplomacy

‘Victory or Death’: Edged Weapons and Small Arms Relating to the Battle of Trafalgar in the National Maritime Museum

By Liza Verity

A brief survey of weapons that are directly or indirectly related to the battle of Trafalgar and which are held in the NMM collection. Described are the different types of edged weapons and firearms used by British, French and Spanish officers and sailors during the battle as well as presentation pieces. Also included are extracts […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics

From Hawke to Nelson: Strategical and Tactical Comparisons

By Dr Ruddock Mackay

The achievements of Admiral Edward Hawke (1705 – 1781) are compared with those of Nelson. While Nelson had little success in finding enemy fleets away from port, Hawke, in contrast, made several decisive victories by intercepting French fleets on the high seas. In the tactics of battle, Nelson followed, and built on, the example set […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Napoleonic War | Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Strategy & Diplomacy

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