Archive Results For: WW1

The Growth of Britain’s Refrigerated Meat Trade, 1880-1939

By Derek J Oddy

Transport of meat required cold storage at port of loading, on-board and on discharge. The discussion concentrates on mechanical on-board systems. Early voyages under sail required auxiliary engines, later main boilers powered refrigeration. Details of a typical sail and steamship are provided. Detailed figures demonstrate expanding capacity and full shift to steam propulsion during the […] Read More

Filed under: WW1 | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Logistics | Merchant Marines | Shipbuilding & Design

The Ascent of Extranational Tide Tables

By Paul Hughes and Alan D. Wall

The nineteenth century saw the development of tidal prediction from synthetic, which predicts high and low water for diurnal and semidiurnal tides, to harmonic, which deals with the whole tidal profile. Starting in 1839, France had by 1874 calculated fifteen home ports, and her colonies with a volume based on Tonkin in 1873; America had […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | WW1 | English Channel | Interwar | Other (Nineteenth C) | Indian Ocean | Pacific | Other (location)
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Navies | Science & Exploration

Logistics for Commerce War in the Atlantic during the First World War: the German Etappe System in Action

By Javier Ponce Marrero

At the beginning of WW1, Germany planned to disrupt British Atlantic supply routes with cruiser warfare. Light cruisers and armed merchant steamers were supported by a system of supply areas, Etappen, organised in neutral countries with fast steamships carrying supplies to agreed rendezvous points. The importance of the Canary Islands is discussed together with the […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | WW1
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

The Q-Ships of Granton Naval Base

By Richard J.B. Walker

The fascinating story of the sailing ships equipped as Q ships which confronted German submarines in the North Sea is told here, including the contribution from Joseph Conrad. Read More

Filed under: WW1 | North Sea
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy | Submarines

Avoiding the U-Boats: the Clyde-Forth Oil Pipeline

By Warwick M. Brown

With the growth of the German Navy at the start of the twentieth century posing a new threat to British naval supremacy, geographic realities dictated that the North Sea would be the main scene of naval operations in the event of an Anglo-German conflict. However all the existing home bases were located on the South […] Read More

Filed under: WW1 | Internal Waterways | Other (location)
Subjects include: Logistics

Note: What Happened to the Campania?

By William Schleihauf

The Campania was not involved in the Battle of Jutland, but her absence was not the result of engine defects but the fact that she was not informed of the departure of the fleet until too late. Read More

Filed under: WW1 | North Sea
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Naval Aviation

Braunton: Home of the Last Fleet of Wooden Coasters

By P. A. B. Thomson

The North Devon village of Braunton was the home of a fleet of coastal trading vessels, which during the nineteenth century expanded in number of vessels as well as in their size, from smacks plying locally to ketches and schooners trading in the Bristol Channel, Irish Sea and Western end of the English Channel. In […] Read More

Filed under: WW1 | English Channel | WW2 | Irish Sea | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C)
Subjects include: Merchant Marines

A ‘Well Known’ Incident Reassessed – The German Attempted Mining of the Thames Estuary in August 1914

By L. Barnett

The declaration of War in 1914 initiated the German Staff orders for offensive mining operations against British shipping. A merchant ship recently converted to a minelayer, proceeded to drop mines off the Thames Estuary on August 5th. Having been surprised by British warships whilst in operation, the vessel was sunk, but both the subsequent British […] Read More

Filed under: WW1 | North Sea
Subjects include: Navies | Weapons

Brixham Sailing Trawlers: the Last Years of a Working Fleet

By P. A. B. Thomson

Sailing trawlers were already being replaced by steam powered trawlers during the first decade of the twentieth century but the main turning point for the Brixham sailing trawlers came with WW1 and its aftermath.  Several were sunk by enemy action and many of those laid up for the duration never sailed again.  Sailing trawlers were […] Read More

Filed under: WW1 | Interwar | North Sea | Irish Sea | Other (Nineteenth C)
Subjects include: Leisure & Small Craft | Submarines | Whaling & Fishing

Note: Wolverines in Two World Wars

By R.J.H. Griffiths

The active lives of the Wolverines, first in the Mediterranean in the First War, back there after the War and then in waters closer to home in the Atlantic War before finally returning to the Mediterranean. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | WW1 | WW2 | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

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