Archive Results For: WW2

The Archaeology of Second World War U-boat Losses in the English Channel and its Impact on the Historical Record

By Innes McCartney

This article examines how the archaeological record of 33 U-boats sunk in the English Channel during the Inshore Campaign, June 1944 to May 1945, compares with the assessment of U-boat destructions made by the Admiralty’s Anti U-boat Division (AUBD) in 1946. Comparison of the two shows an accuracy rate of 57 per cent across the […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | WW2
Subjects include: Archaeology | Navies | Submarines

Note: ‘The Battle of the Atlantic’: A legend deconstructed

By Eric Grove

The ‘Battle of the Atlantic’ is a powerful legend. Throughout the war, it is said, a ‘battle’ raged as the Germans mounted a near decisive attack on the shipping that lay at the heart of the Allied war effort. The U-boat was the chief instrument. Convoys were consistently attacked with heavy losses inflicted by U-boat […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | WW2
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Submarines

Articles The Archaeology of First World War U-boat Losses in the English Channel and its Impact on the Historical Record

By Innes McCartney

This article examines how the archaeological record of 35 known U-boats sunk in the English Channel in the First World War compares with the assessment of U-boat destructions made by the Admiralty’s Antisubmarine Division (ASD) in 1919. Comparison of the two shows that only 48 per cent of the 37 assessments were correct. This divergence […] Read More

Filed under: WW1 | WW2
Subjects include: Archaeology | Navies | Submarines

German Supply Ships and Blockade Runners in the Canary Islands in the Second World War

By Juan-José Díaz-Benítez

At the start of the Second World War a number of German merchant ships took refuge in the Canary Islands. The German authorities took control of them and some were used as blockade runners and others as supply ships for the German navy. The preparation and departure of these ships was performed with the consent […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | WW2
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Navies

Document: The Wartime Diaries of Convoy Signalman George Robins

By Nick Robins

A personal record of life as a convoy signaller  in merchant convoys during the second World War. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | North Sea | WW2
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines

Note: At War with the Navy

By Colin Jones

Small civilian craft were taken up by the Australian navy during the Second World War, and this account details the experiences of some of them. Read More

Filed under: WW2 | Pacific
Subjects include: Leisure & Small Craft

The Italian Naval War in the Mid-Atlantic: Blockade Runners and Submarines in the Canary Islands (1940–1943)

By Juan José Díaz Benítez

This article studies the real value of the Canary Islands for the Italian navy not only as an area of submarine operations but also as refuge for the Italian merchant fleet. To verify this hypothesis unpublished Italian, German and Spanish primary sources have been consulted. From information gathered from these sources, it can be seen […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | WW2
Subjects include: Merchant Marines | Strategy & Diplomacy | Submarines

Note: A Teenage Mariner’s War: 1940–45

By Archie Munro

This account of the convoys to Malta was told to the author by Arthur Young who was at the time a teenaged indentured apprentice in the Clan Line.  He experienced the bombing raids which accompanied ten passages to and from Malta.  Young went on to experience the war at sea in different oceans. Read More

Filed under: WW2 | Other (location)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Merchant Marines

Note: The Explosion of the Fort Stikine, Bombay, 14 April 1944

By Derek Ings

An eyewitness account of the explosion which took place while the highly explosive cargo was being unloaded from Fort Stikine in Bombay. Read More

Filed under: WW2 | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Harbours & Dockyards | Merchant Marines | Weapons

The Royal Navy in the Era of Two World Wars: was it Fit for Purpose?

By N.A.M. Rodger

Predicting the role that a navy will be called upon to adopt is an impossible task, made easier with the benefit of hindsight. Whilst a navy (or a ship) might be best fitted to a particular purpose, successful navies (and warship designs) have tended to be those with the broadest range of general capabilities. The […] Read More

Filed under: WW1 | Interwar | WW2 | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Navies | Submarines

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