Archive Results For: Francis Drake

Called into Action by Her Majesty

By L. Graham H. Horton-Smith

This article draws on letters and other papers, some printed for the first time, collected in E.M. Tennison’s Elizabethan England . . . ‘In relation to Foreign Princes’ 1592-1596, vol. ix in order to counter nineteenth and twentieth century characterisations of Drake and Hawkins as corsairs. It reveals that Elizabeth’s opponents provided significant tributes to […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

To Outsail the Dutch

By R.A. Preston

By the middle of the seventeenth century Dutch men-of-war were superior to those of the English. Much attention was given to the art of shipbuilding and to the need for competing with the Dutch in the development of speed, roominess and sailing qualities. The Great Neptune, completed by about the end of December 1623, was, […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Francis Drake | English Channel | North Sea | Other (Early Modern) | Pirates | Mediterranean | Shipwrecks | Press Gangs
Subjects include: Harbours & Dockyards | Logistics | Merchant Marines | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers | Ship Handling & Seamanship | Shipbuilding & Design | Strategy & Diplomacy | Weapons | Whaling & Fishing

The Most High-Spirited Man on Earth

By Michael Harrington

On the San Bernabe, the English admiral uttered, in Spanish ‘ Here die I, Richard Grenville, with a joyful and quiet mind…having ended my life as a true soldier ought to do, that fought for his country, Queen, religion and honour, whereby my soul most joyfully departeth…’ But those ‘traitors and dogs’ who surrendered must […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies | Weapons

The Identification of the Ashmolean Model

By FC Prideaux Naish

An investigation to establish the identity of a putative model Drake’s Golden Hind, preserved in the Ashmolean at least since 1689 but with no other provenance. Inferences are drawn from available evidence and records for the presumed features of the Golden Hind and compared with features of the model. From a consideration of its preservation […] Read More

Filed under: Francis Drake | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Ship Models & Figureheads

Carrack into Galleon

By A. H. Taylor

The author discusses progressive developments in ship types, armaments and fighting tactics between 1509 and the Armada in 1588, in the political and mercantile context of the period. The large fighting forecastle of the Carrack fell out of favour with the introduction of larger guns and the transition from hand weapons leading to development of […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers | Weapons

Drake’s Prayer

By D. Bonner-Smith

An exploration of how what was referred to by Field Marshall Montgomery, the BBC and has become widely known as Drake’s prayer developed from the words that Drake wrote in a letter in 1587 while riding at Cape Sakar. The words were adapted deliberately by the Dean of York and the Canon of Worcester when […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Wars by Sea and Land 1588 – 1592

By J F Ruthven

Tenison was a member of SNR and the many volumes of Elizabethan England were reviewed in Mariner’s Mirrors as each was published. This article is a review of Volume 8 and a good description is given of the painstaking research that Tenison carried out using contemporary sources and often rewriting our knowledge and understanding of […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | The Armada | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Evidence About the Golden Hind

By Gregory Robinson

This article gives a well reasoned reappraisal of the ‘facts’ available about the Golden Hind, derived from various sources, concluding with a definitive, if somewhat qualified, description of her dimensions, decoration, equipment, fittings, arming, rigging and manning. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

The Mystery of the Tonnage and Dimensions of the Pelican-Golden Hind

By F. C. Prideaux Naish

This article investigates the tonnage and dimensions of Drake’s ship by following a trail of clues, working from the dimensions of the dock at Deptford, through the reckoning used before 1581 and in 1628, to a statement of tonnage in a letter from Don Francisco to the Viceroy of New Spain. Read More

Filed under: Francis Drake | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Shipbuilding & Design

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part VII The Lessons of the Armada Fight

By Michael Lewis

This is the seventh article in a series on the armaments in use by both English and Spanish navies in 1588. The conclusion is that the artillery on neither side was effective. The English guns fired shot that was too light to penetrate Spanish ships except at extreme short range and the heavier shotted Spanish […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

The Greenwich Portrait of Sir Francis Drake

By Geoffrey Callender

  The author analyses the images of Drake which have reached us, and remembers that many people consider him as shown in several engravings of the seventeenth and eighteen centuries, whose original was made by the Dutch Hondius in the 16th century with a plate which fell into the hands of George Vertue. Reference is […] Read More

Filed under: Francis Drake | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Biography

More Light on Drake 1577-80

By E.G.R. Taylor

There were previously several gaps in the understanding of Drake’s famous voyage around the world in the Penguin from 1577-80. These included the identity of the promoters of the voyage, its original purpose and the conduct and integrity of John Winter, who sailed, with Drake, in the Elizabeth. In fact the promoters were the members […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Pacific
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Science & Exploration

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