Archive Results For: Francis Drake

Master John Dee, Drake and the Straits of Anian

By E.G.R. Taylor

Dee’s association with the leaders of each successive voyage openly for the discovery of a new passage to Cathay has hardly been accorded its due weight. Abundant evidence of the close relationship between John Dee and Queen Elizabeth and her counsellors is to be found in the Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, Nov. 9th, 1592. […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Science & Exploration | Strategy & Diplomacy

Thomas Eldred: Merchant

By A. D. Harrison

Thomas Eldred was an elderly tallow chandler from Ipswich with an interest in navigation who accompanied Sir Thomas Cavendish in his two year circumnavigation of the world out of Plymouth from July I586 to September I588 in Drakes’ footsteps via the Straits of Magellan and the South Seas as recounted in Hakluyt’s Voyages. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Biography | Science & Exploration

The Elizabethan Sailorman

By Florence E. Dyer

The accounts of the maritime expeditions of the Elizabethan Age offer an insight into the lives of the ordinary crew members. They suffered from bad food and inadequate clothing, sleeping on deck or in the hold. Health was the great problem, in particular scurvy. Expedition leaders tried to ensure the health of their crews by […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | The Armada | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake’s Voyage of Circumnavigation: Some of the Original Sketches

By Florence E. Dyer

Drake’s circumnavigation of the globe was recorded by the expedition’s Chaplain, Francis Fletcher, with his notes and accompanying sketches now preserved in the British Museum. Fletcher’s records range from the reasonably accurate, for example of flying fish, to the fanciful, such as his description of ‘Giants’. The notes, but not the sketches, were published by […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Caribbean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Fresh Light on Drake

By Geoffrey Callender

Juan de Castellaňos (1522-1607), soldier and adventurer turned poet and historian, is best remembered for his ‘Elegies on Celebrated Persons in Overseas Spain.’ Volume one was published in 1589 but the other three were suppressed until the mid-eighteenth century, probably because of the 6,000 lines devoted to Sir Francis Drake. Castellaňos is rated a diligent […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake at the Suit of John Doughty

By W. Senior

Thomas Doughty was beheaded in Patagonia by Drake in 1578. Doughty’s brother, John, commenced murder proceedings against Drake upon their return to England.   After establishing his locus standi, Doughty had to apply to, crucially, both the High Constable and the Earl Marshal of the Court of Chivalry for trial by combat.   Queen Elizabeth declined to […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline
Subjects include: Administration

The Trial and Death of Thomas Doughty

By Gregory Robinson

Robinson makes it very clear he is no fan of Sir Francis Drake and that in his view he was not only elevated to the level of a national hero but also to virtually a saint. With the Reformation banning saints and relics substitutes were needed and Drake fulfilled the role. Robinson then deals in […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake and his Detractors Part III

By Geoffrey Callender

In this third paper, the author considers the process of Doughty’s trial. Although Doughty pleaded guilty to the charges, he offered in his defence (or mitigation), the fact that he had supported Drake, found him influential friends at Court, and planned and financed the voyage. Drake was able to produce counter-evidence, and the jury, finding […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Drake and his Detractors Part II

By Geoffrey Callender

In the second of this series the author considers another of Drake’s detractors, John Cooke. Drake’s crews included a significant number of young noblemen to prepare them for naval command, and Cooke was one of these. Cooke’s account of Drakes voyage only records the first, fractious section as his ship, Elizabeth, turned back after the […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Drake and His Detractors Part I

By Geoffrey Callender

This paper is a response to Robinson’s ‘A Forgotten Life of Francis Drake’ in MM 1921/1, particularly the criticism of its author, and the execution of Thomas Doughty on a number of charges including theft from a prize and brutality. He suggests that the criticism of Drake is based only on the evidence of two […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

A Forgotten Life of Sir Francis Drake

By Gregory Robinson

In this paper the author reviews some of the current literature relating to Francis Drake, highlighting the fact that most histories tell only that half of his story, reflecting his role at Cadiz and in the Armada. The paper reminds us that there was another side to Drake: the plunderer of undefended towns in Spanish […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Other (location)
Subjects include: Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers | Science & Exploration

Early Naval Ordnance

By W.G. Perrin

This article transcribes information gleaned from a document dated 17th July 1585, in which Francis Drake lists the ordnance and ordnance stores received to equip the ships Bonaventure and Aid. Charts itemize the numbers and weight of guns for each ship, and the ordnance stores for each, listing stores both by the type of cannon […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | The Armada
Subjects include: Logistics | Navies | Weapons

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