Archive Results For: Francis Drake

The Mystery of the Tonnage and Dimensions of the Pelican-Golden Hind

By F. C. Prideaux Naish

This article investigates the tonnage and dimensions of Drake’s ship by following a trail of clues, working from the dimensions of the dock at Deptford, through the reckoning used before 1581 and in 1628, to a statement of tonnage in a letter from Don Francisco to the Viceroy of New Spain. Read More

Filed under: Francis Drake | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Shipbuilding & Design

Armada Guns: A Comparative Study of English and Spanish Armaments Part VII The Lessons of the Armada Fight

By Michael Lewis

This is the seventh article in a series on the armaments in use by both English and Spanish navies in 1588. The conclusion is that the artillery on neither side was effective. The English guns fired shot that was too light to penetrate Spanish ships except at extreme short range and the heavier shotted Spanish […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | The Armada
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

The Greenwich Portrait of Sir Francis Drake

By Geoffrey Callender

  The author analyses the images of Drake which have reached us, and remembers that many people consider him as shown in several engravings of the seventeenth and eighteen centuries, whose original was made by the Dutch Hondius in the 16th century with a plate which fell into the hands of George Vertue. Reference is […] Read More

Filed under: Francis Drake | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Biography

More Light on Drake 1577-80

By E.G.R. Taylor

There were previously several gaps in the understanding of Drake’s famous voyage around the world in the Penguin from 1577-80. These included the identity of the promoters of the voyage, its original purpose and the conduct and integrity of John Winter, who sailed, with Drake, in the Elizabeth. In fact the promoters were the members […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Pacific
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Science & Exploration

Master John Dee, Drake and the Straits of Anian

By E.G.R. Taylor

Dee’s association with the leaders of each successive voyage openly for the discovery of a new passage to Cathay has hardly been accorded its due weight. Abundant evidence of the close relationship between John Dee and Queen Elizabeth and her counsellors is to be found in the Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, Nov. 9th, 1592. […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Science & Exploration | Strategy & Diplomacy

Thomas Eldred: Merchant

By A. D. Harrison

Thomas Eldred was an elderly tallow chandler from Ipswich with an interest in navigation who accompanied Sir Thomas Cavendish in his two year circumnavigation of the world out of Plymouth from July I586 to September I588 in Drakes’ footsteps via the Straits of Magellan and the South Seas as recounted in Hakluyt’s Voyages. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | English Channel | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Biography | Science & Exploration

The Elizabethan Sailorman

By Florence E. Dyer

The accounts of the maritime expeditions of the Elizabethan Age offer an insight into the lives of the ordinary crew members. They suffered from bad food and inadequate clothing, sleeping on deck or in the hold. Health was the great problem, in particular scurvy. Expedition leaders tried to ensure the health of their crews by […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | The Armada | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake’s Voyage of Circumnavigation: Some of the Original Sketches

By Florence E. Dyer

Drake’s circumnavigation of the globe was recorded by the expedition’s Chaplain, Francis Fletcher, with his notes and accompanying sketches now preserved in the British Museum. Fletcher’s records range from the reasonably accurate, for example of flying fish, to the fanciful, such as his description of ‘Giants’. The notes, but not the sketches, were published by […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Caribbean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Fresh Light on Drake

By Geoffrey Callender

Juan de Castellaňos (1522-1607), soldier and adventurer turned poet and historian, is best remembered for his ‘Elegies on Celebrated Persons in Overseas Spain.’ Volume one was published in 1589 but the other three were suppressed until the mid-eighteenth century, probably because of the 6,000 lines devoted to Sir Francis Drake. Castellaňos is rated a diligent […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake at the Suit of John Doughty

By W. Senior

Thomas Doughty was beheaded in Patagonia by Drake in 1578. Doughty’s brother, John, commenced murder proceedings against Drake upon their return to England.   After establishing his locus standi, Doughty had to apply to, crucially, both the High Constable and the Earl Marshal of the Court of Chivalry for trial by combat.   Queen Elizabeth declined to […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline
Subjects include: Administration

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