Archive Results For: Health at Sea

Book Review – ‘Poxed & Scurvied: The story of sickness and health at sea’ by Kevin Brown

By Brian Vale

Kevin Brown’s book is the latest, and most ambitious, example of the growing interest in maritime disease and medicine. Its purpose, as demonstrated in the sub-title – forget the ‘sexed up’ references to pox and scurvy – is to tell ‘the Story of Sickness and Health at Sea.’ Inevitably, the need to cover a period […] Read More

Filed under: Late Middle Ages | Early Modern | Eighteenth Century | Nineteenth Century | Health at Sea | Twentieth Century
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

Some Adventures of a Seafaring Accountant: William Crickmay and the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, 1853–1858

By Ernest W. Toy

William Crickmay was the purser of five Royal Mail Steam Packet Company ships from 1854 to 1858. These ships provided mail services from Southampton to St Thomas and Rio de Janeiro, and thence to local ports of call. His third ship, the Orinoco, chartered for war service, voyaged to and from Portsmouth to the Crimean war […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Crimean War | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea

‘Your Dutiful Nephew’: Thomas Denman Ledward (1766–1789/90), acting surgeon of the Bounty

By Pieter van der Merwe

The surviving family letters of, and relating to, Thomas Denman Ledward, acting surgeon in HM armed vessel Bounty, have never been fully researched before. They are used here as the basis for constructing his brief biography. It provides a case study of the chances that could launch an eighteenth-century naval medical career (and tragically terminate it), […] Read More

Filed under: Mutiny & Discipline | Eighteenth Century | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea

Diseases Spread by Sea: Health Services and the Ports of the Canary Islands in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries

By Juan Manuel Santana-Pérez

In the Canary Islands the sea was as a defence against disease. There was a constant fear of epidemics arriving by sea, not only because of the potentially high death toll, but because it could have a seriously detrimental effect on trade. As well as the local impact of disease, health control was important because […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Popular Topics | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Coaling Warships with Naval Labour, 1870-1914: ‘I wish I could get hold of that man who first found coal.’

By Steven Gray

The expansion of a steam-powered Royal Navy in the period 1870−1914 made vessels utterly dependent on coal. Getting this coal aboard warships was dirty, exhausting, and dangerous work. Even in 1914, it was still largely done by hand and, increasingly, it was the job of the ships’ crews to perform this task. Thus coaling was […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

Naval and Civilian Influences on Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Medical Practice

By Sir James Watt

This posthumously published essay by the former Surgeon Vice Admiral of the Royal Navy considers how naval and civilian medical discoveries, attitudes and practices influenced each other during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Topics considered include the role of citrus juice in combatting scurvy, quinine and malaria, bloodletting, water purity and cholera, timing of amputations […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Typhus and American Prisoners in the War of Independence

By Philip Ranlet

This article reconsiders and re-examines typhus, the prominent pathological killer in the eighteenth century. It primarily concentrates on the causes, nature and effects of the disease in question in relation to the Atlantic world of the late eighteenth century. The case study on which the article is focused is that of the American prisoners during […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | American Revolution | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

A Surgeon-Superintendent’s Experiences on a Convict Transport: the Voyage of the Emperor Alexander to Van Diemen’s Land in 1833

By Derek Oddy

The experience of a Surgeon-Superintendent on the convict transport ship, the Emperor Alexander, casts light on aspects of life at sea commonly overlooked. The information derived encompasses the considerable responsibilities existent in the role of Surgeon, concerning conditions on board, education, hygiene and food rationing often causing hostile relations within the ship’s hierarchy. There is […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

Employers’ Liability and the Victorian Seaman

By Richard Gorski

Late 19th century measures to make employers in ‘hazardous industries’ liable for workplace casualties were not extended to the shipping industry until 1906. Progress on such measures, from the Employers’ Liability Act 1880 to the Workmen’s Compensation Act 1897, reflected differing approaches of prevention and compensation and were the two principal pieces of legislation relating to […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines

Trained Cooks and Healthy Boys: Reforming the Mess in the Royal Navy before the First World War

By Yuriko Akiyama PhD

Investigates the development of training chiefs for both the Navy and the training scheme for boys at Greenwich School. A broad overview is given leading up to the change in the late 19th and early 20th century. The article accepts the fact that the development of hygiene and good food contributed to the overall improved […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

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