Archive Results For: Health at Sea

A Surgeon-Superintendent’s Experiences on a Convict Transport: the Voyage of the Emperor Alexander to Van Diemen’s Land in 1833

By Derek Oddy

The experience of a Surgeon-Superintendent on the convict transport ship, the Emperor Alexander, casts light on aspects of life at sea commonly overlooked. The information derived encompasses the considerable responsibilities existent in the role of Surgeon, concerning conditions on board, education, hygiene and food rationing often causing hostile relations within the ship’s hierarchy. There is […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

Employers’ Liability and the Victorian Seaman

By Richard Gorski

Late 19th century measures to make employers in ‘hazardous industries’ liable for workplace casualties were not extended to the shipping industry until 1906. Progress on such measures, from the Employers’ Liability Act 1880 to the Workmen’s Compensation Act 1897, reflected differing approaches of prevention and compensation and were the two principal pieces of legislation relating to […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines

Trained Cooks and Healthy Boys: Reforming the Mess in the Royal Navy before the First World War

By Yuriko Akiyama PhD

Investigates the development of training chiefs for both the Navy and the training scheme for boys at Greenwich School. A broad overview is given leading up to the change in the late 19th and early 20th century. The article accepts the fact that the development of hygiene and good food contributed to the overall improved […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

The Conquest of Scurvy in the Royal Navy 1793-1800: a Challenge to Current Orthodoxy

By Brian Vale

The article reviews how the Royal Navy attempted to understand the cause of scurvy, followed by implementation of a cure and prevention. James Lind undertook trials to cure this common illness, most often found on the long journeys to warmer climates, and the trials he conducted influenced Sir Gilbert Blane and Dr Thomas Trotter to […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies

The Royal Naval Hospital at Minorca, 1711: an Example of an Admiral’s Involvement in the Expansion of Naval Medical Care

By Kathleen Harland

In the development of naval hospitals in the early eighteenth century, the initiative of commanders-in-chief was paramount. In Minorca in 1711, Admiral Sir John Jennings headed a campaign to build a permanent hospital in Minorca, a decision that led to clashes with the Admiralty and the Board of Sick and Wounded. His project lends insight […] Read More

Filed under: Spanish Succession | Mediterranean | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Navies

Two years off Provence: the Victualling and Health of Nelson’s fleet in the Mediterranean, 1803 to 1805

By Janet Macdonald

The paper discusses the logistical difficulties of providing sufficient provisions to the Toulon squadron, particularly beverages and fresh food, which needed to be replenished frequently. The logistics and challenges of sourcing these from locations such as the Madalena Islands, Naples, Barcelona and Sicily are discussed, together with the work of the agent victualler, Richard Ford, […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Mediterranean | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Administration | Logistics | Manpower & Life at Sea

Royal Naval Psychiatry: Organisation, Methods and Outcomes, 1900-1945

By Edgar Jones & Neil Greenberg

This paper charts the rise of the Royal Naval psychiatric service and identifies the unique issues relating to combat at sea. The article traces the history of mental illness from the incidences noted in the 17th century to the present day, when neurasthenia was most commonly used to identify casualties. In 1942, despite optimistic forecasts […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

Operational Fatigue: the Air Branch of the Royal Navy’s Experience during the Second World War

By A. H. Goddard

The aircraft-carrier based Naval airmen of WW2 faced distinctly different physical and psychological challenges from their land based counterparts. Five paradoxes are examined by this study: that despite the low numbers of casualties experienced, there was a high level of psychological breakdown; that the level of stress was independant of the number of flying hours; […] Read More

Filed under: WW2 | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

Statutory Requirements Regarding Surgeons on British Whale-ships

By Dr Martin H. Evans

In June 1733 an act of parliament offered a bounty of 20 shillings per ton burthen to the owners of British ships engaged in the whaling industry in the waters around Greenland. This act, renewed and extended until 1824, also formalised the requirement that the compliment of such ships should include a surgeon. Although corresponding […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Whaling & Fishing

Medical Disease in the Merchant Navies of the World in the Days of Sail: the Seamen’s Hospital Society’s Experience

By G. C. Cook MD, DSc, FRCP

This paper tabulates information on medical diagnoses of merchant seamen admitted as patients to institutions of the Seamens Hospital Society (SHS) during the tenure (1829-32) of Dr George Roupell. Diagnoses were dominated by ‘fever’ (including malaria), diseases of the lungs, dysentry, and Rheumatism. The pattern of disease was relatively constant thoughout the 19th century, the […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Merchant Marines

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