Archive Results For: Health at Sea

Document: Regulations in Troopships: Home Popham and the Russian Expedition of 1799

By courtesy of Piers Mackesy

In 1799 the British and Russian governments determined to drive the French from Holland. Captain Home Popham was sent to Russia to help with arrangements for the expedition, and succeeded in overcoming Russian reluctance to provide and fit warships as transports. At Kronstadt he supervised the fitting out of the ships and embarkation of the […] Read More

Filed under: Baltic | French Revolution | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Logistics

Living Conditions on the Navy Board’s Transports During the American War 1775 – 1783

By David Syrett

Having to carry their troops for over 3000 miles across the Atlantic Ocean armed and fully equipped, the British had a serious geographical disadvantage on the American theatre. Many British soldiers were lost during the voyage, mostly because of disease and poor living conditions on board the transports. The men had to survive on half […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | American Revolution | Health at Sea | Caribbean
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

The Society Annual Lecture 1962: The Dutch East-Indiamen: their Sailors, their Navigators, and Life on Board, 1602–1795

By C. R. Boxer

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the Dutch led the world in trade with the East-Indies. The Dutch East-India Company (VOC) was divided into six chambers, Amsterdam, Middleburg, Rotterdam, Delft, Hoorn and Enkhuizen, with a central board, the Heeren XVII, or ‘Gentlemen Seventeen’. Its main trading vessels, retour-schepen or ‘return-ships’, were used for the long […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea | Indian Ocean | East India Company
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Science & Exploration | Shipbuilding & Design

Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Wives and Children in H.M. Ships

By Commander W.B. Rowbotham, R.N.

On the outbreak of war against Revolutionary France in 1793, soldiers who were married ‘on the strength’ were accompanied by their families on active service abroad. No details of how the women and children of other ranks were accommodated on board ships of war appear to have been preserved. Although the regulations were clear that […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Channel | French Revolution | Mediterranean | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Harbours & Dockyards | Manpower & Life at Sea | Miscellaneous | Navies

Naval Medical Service 1793-1815

By Eunice H Turner

A comprehensive summary of the progress made in all functions of this Service during the French Wars. Elements discussed include: Responsible Commissioning Board’s duties, bureaucracy, functions, staff composition, dedication, excessive workload and NMS developing effectiveness. Results from the Service’s rigorous inspection policies regarding medical practices on board RN ships, in naval hospitals, hospital ships and […] Read More

Filed under: Napoleonic War | French Revolution | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

Frederick John Hornby

By A.G.E. Jones

Frederick John Hornby was born on 1 July 1819 and entered the Royal Navy on 30 January 1834. He was appointed midshipman, 7 July 1837. Hornby served on the Dee, Wolf, Conway, Pelorus, Belle Isle, Vindictive, Magnificent, Imaum, Formidable and Queen seeing service on the East India Station, Pacific Ocean, Mediterranean, Indian Ocean and New […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | Mediterranean | Health at Sea | Indian Ocean | Pacific | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Navies | Science & Exploration

Some Chronicles of the Larkins Family Part I

By E.W. Bovill

This article looks at the early days of convict transport to Australia through the logs of Merchant Ships, in particular the Royal Admiral, an East Indiaman whose managing owner was Thomas Larkins. Details are given of the numbers of convicts transported on the voyage, along with the numbers of the dead and sick. Details are […] Read More

Filed under: Mutiny & Discipline | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Miscellaneous

Lord Nelson and the Loss of his Arm

By H.T.A. Bosanquet

This article sets out the various surgeons who might have been responsible for taking off Nelson’s arm after the battle of Santa Cruz to establish what exactly happened. When Nelson transferred to the Theseus he took with him Thomas Eshelby the surgeon and Louis Remonier the surgeon’s mate. Having been wounded in the attack Nelson […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

The Voyage of the Snow Africa

By W.E. Minchinton

The snow Africa was a two-masted, square rigged ship of 100 tons burthen. Such a vessel would carry about 250 slaves. On 15 July 1775, after an absence of 9 months, the Africa arrived back at Bristol in ballast. There was a total loss on this particular voyage of 250 pounds 18 shillings. It is […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Channel | Seven Years’ War | American Revolution | Irish Sea | Pirates | Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C) | Health at Sea | Caribbean | Shipwrecks | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Logistics | Manpower & Life at Sea | Merchant Marines | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers | Weapons

Nelson’s First Writing with the Left Hand

By Admiral Sir Sydney Fremantle

On 24th July 1797, Rear Admiral Nelson personally led a disastrous night attack on the harbour at Teneriffe and was wounded in the right arm, which was amputated by the surgeon of HMS Theseus the next morning.  This article considers the provenance of a very short note, containing only two lines of writing, which is believed to be Nelson’s […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Atlantic | French Revolution | Health at Sea
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Navies

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