Archive Results For: James Cook

Note: Matthew Flinders in HMS Providence, 1791-93

By Madge Darby

This brief note corrects the statement that Matthew Flinders was demoted to able seaman by Captain Cook during his expedition of 1793. Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Nineteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea

Political Discussions Onboard HMS Crocodile: David Samwell, James King, and the Historical Implications for Captain Cook’s Third Voyage

By Lance Bertelsen

James King and David Samwell wrote two of the most important journals of Captain James Cook’s third voyage and later produced the most important eighteenth-century publications describing the controversial circumstances of Cook’s death. This article presents previously unpublished excerpts from Samwell’s letters describing political discussions between the two onboard HMS Crocodile in 1781, a period during which […] Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Eighteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Biography | Science & Exploration

Watering the Fleet and the Introduction of Distillation

By E.M. Diamond and K.T.H. Farrer

From the 14th Century it had been known that Arab chemists had distilled fresh from seawater; and throughout the 16th, 17th and 18th Centuries individual scientists and shipmasters had experimented with distillation.  This covers the history of distillation of water on ships at sea and experiments conducted by James Lind during the eighteenth century. An […] Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea | Science & Exploration

Note: Thomas Luny and Cook’s Resolution

By J.F. Allan

The evidence for the design used by Luny when he painted Resolution is examined, and compared with the sketchbooks and completed works of art. Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Eighteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Art & Music

James Cook’s Secret Search in 1769

By Brian Hooker

A comparison of Captain James Cook’s early exploration of the coast of New Zealand in 1769/70 and that of Abel Janszoon Tasman in 1642/43. It gives Tasman’s track down the western coast in 1643, where he postulated a possible passage between the islands, and Captain Cook’s track down the eastern coast of North Island in […] Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Eighteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Document: Captain Cook’s Passing Certificate

By courtesy of Andrew C.F. David

J.C. Beaglehole, in his exhaustive biography of Captain James Cook, failed to mention that Cook was required to take the examination for lieutenant before being appointed to command the Endeavour. He was appointed on 25 May 1768 and thus his seniority as a lieutenant dates from that day, as demonstrated by the reproduced document. Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies | Science & Exploration

Precursors of Cook: the Voyages of the Dolphin, 1764-8

By Randolph Cock

In the scholarly accounts of 18th century British voyages of discovery and exploration, those of Captain James Cook (1768-71, 1772-5, and 1776-8) figure prominently.  However, this article asserts that the two previous voyages of the Dolphin (1764-6 and 1766-8) have been unfairly slighted and deserve more attention and credit, since they materially contributed to the […] Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Eighteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

To Make Discoveries of Countries Hitherto Unknown: the Admiralty and Pacific Exploration in the Eighteenth Century

By Glyn Williams

The author discusses various voyages of discovery in the Pacific Ocean conducted under the auspices of the British Admiralty. The paper argues that these voyages did not represent a clear policy of the Admiralty, but rather depended on the drive of individuals such as Anson, Egmont, Sandwich and Banks. The motives were not always purely […] Read More

Filed under: James Cook | Other (Eighteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Administration | Science & Exploration

The Royal Navy and Canadian Dominion

By Barry M. Gough

A survey covering four centuries of the Royal Navy’s role in the founding of Canada and the dominion’s vital place in British strategy after the loss of America. James Cook mapped Newfoundland, Edward Owen and Henry Bayfield surveyed the Great Lakes, and John Franklin Parry charted the vast western coast. Through the 19th century Canada […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | War of 1812 | James Cook | American Revolution | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Builders of Captain Cook’s Ships

By Stephanie Jones

The Fishburns and the Langbournes were two of the three most notable Whitby shipbuilders in the last decade of the eighteenth century. Thomas Fishburn was known for producing ship-rigged vessels with stoutly built and capacious hulls that were easily beached. Their inherent flexibility made them ideal for voyages of discovery. Read More

Filed under: James Cook | North Sea | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

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