Coastal Shipping in Cumberland, 1680–1740

By M.J. Robinson, published August 2006


This article refocuses scholarly attention from large-scale ocean-going trade to the important but overlooked coastal shipping trade. Using Cumberland in the late-seventeenth and early-eighteenth century as a case study, it contrasts the coastal traffic from Whitehaven with that of Carlisle. For the former, coastal cargoes were of peripheral interest compared with international cargoes; for the latter, coastal shipping was essential but underdeveloped. The terrain of Cumberland restricted the population growth in the area and limited profits, though Whitehaven was a useful port for northern traffic into the Atlantic.

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Filed under: Irish Sea | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Harbours & Dockyards | Merchant Marines

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