Conferences in British Nineteenth-Century Coastal Shipping
Maintains that conferences and pooling agreements in British coastal shipping pre-dated those in overseas shipping. Discusses the early agreements between Glasgow merchants and Liverpool shipowners from 1832 onwards; similar arrangements between Liverpool and London; on the east coast between Scottish ports and London and between the Tyne and London; and passenger agreements on the River Thames. Considers the benefits to merchants and shipowners, the legality of the agreements, the additional cost savings from sharing of wharfage and agreements with the railway companies. Widespread arrangements lasted until the outbreak of war in 1914.