Document: Anatomy of Defeat: the Testimony of Juan Martínez de Recalde and Don Alonso Martínez de Leyva on the Failure of the Spanish Armada in 1588

By courtesy of Geoffrey Parker, published August 2004


The ‘papeles curiosos’ include a dossier sent to Don Martín de Idiáquez by his relative Juan Martínez de Recalde, second-in-command of the Spanish Armada. The dossier constitutes the political testament of the Armada’s two most senior fighting officers. It reveals for the first time, over four centuries later, what, and who, they thought had caused the catastrophic failure of Philip II’s ‘Enterprise of England’.

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Filed under: Tudors | The Armada | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies

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