A Fearful Gift, the Spanish Naval Build-Up in the West Indies 1759-1762

By David F. Marley, published November 1994


Following the insanity and death of Ferdinand VI, his successor, Charles III engaged in complex diplomatic activity leading to an alliance with France initiated by the duc de Choiseul and precipitated by the threat of a British expedition against France’s West Indian colonies. Despite a programme of shipbuilding and the transfer of substantial naval forces to the Caribbean Spain was ill prepared for the successful British attack on Havana in 1762.

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Filed under: Seven Years’ War | Caribbean
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

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