Galleon into Ship of the Line Part III
This detailed survey of the naval battles of the Third Dutch War (1672-1674) paints a picture of large Anglo-French and Dutch fleets dancing a pavane. The Battle of Sole Bay, Schoonveldt and Texel were inconclusive. De Ruyter, acknowledged grand-master, was as ill-served by his officers as was Prince Rupert who successfully took a fleet of fifty sail out of the Thames, against enemy, and wind; and a fleet of a hundred sail within the Dutch sands. And yet, the experience gained produced changes in tactics, in signalling and in the size of ships-of-the-line which lasted until Trafalgar.