Galleys and Runners
In 1707, as a result of a petition, the Lord High Admiral presented a report expressing concern about the 1,146 ships lost during the war, commenting that most were galleys and runners. In reply the merchants who presented the petition defined the difference between a galley and a runner. This paper uses this document to give a detailed description of a galley, its size and shape, the crew numbers, cargo capacity, armament and speed. In making the distinction the traders strive to demonstrate that galleys are capable of independent sailing and do not need the protection of a convoy.