The General Situation in the Indian Ocean During the Early Georgian Period
This was a long period of peace resulting from the anti-French alliance between Britain, Holland and Portugal. Holland and Portugal were too weak for further conquest; Britain was strong enough to advance trade, but only slowly and irregularly. None of the powers were strong enough to maintain the general peace, which left the field open for pirates – mostly native Princes and warlords. This paper describes the main threats to both local and European seafarers, including that of the Kanaji of Angria, and some of the actions and alliances that eventually eliminated this threat.