The High Seas and the Church in the Middle Ages Part II
Part II concerns the Church’s role in the law that governed maritime disputes. Journeys by pilgrims and the impact of the religious crusades greatly affected trade and commerce in the middle ages. The need for a rapid and uniform system of justice across Europe was met by the clerical courts on the basis of the Sea Codes with final appeal to the Papacy. The article examines the evidence for the establishment of the Sea Codes and for the relationships among the different court systems, clerical and secular, as well as the craft gilds that also exercised considerable influence.
Filed under: Atlantic | Early Middle Ages | Baltic | Late Middle Ages | English Channel | High Middle Ages | North Sea | Irish Sea | Mediterranean | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Lifesaving & Coastguard | Miscellaneous | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers