Maritime Art

Lord de Cliffords house at Kings Weston 5 miles from Bristol – with a View of the King-road and the Bristol Channel – and the opposite coast of Wales (1782)

By F. N. (anon)

In 1991 The Society for Nautical Research purchased an album of 73 sketches by Lieutenant Gabriel Bray and donated them to the National Maritime Museum. Bray, served as a second lieutenant on the 38-gun HMS Pallas between December 1774 and September 1775.  Read more about the Bray collection at the National Maritime Museum and see a Lieutenant’s Log for Bray’s Journey to the Caribbean in 1774. The Captain’s Log also survives at the National Archives in Kew, Ref: ADM 51/667.

This image was in that album – but is not believed to have been created by Bray even though it is fairly consistent with his general style. An unidentified monogram signature ‘F.N.’ suggests that it was a gift from someone he knew, or perhaps someone he visited the scene near Bristol with. The inscription is probably in Bray’s hand, but a slightly tighter hand than the notes he usually put on his own earlier drawings.

The magnificent Kings Weston house was designed by Sir John Vanbrugh  and built between 1712 and 1719 and then remodelled in 1763-8 (so fourteen years before this sketch was made) by the Scottish architect Robert Mylne. The spectacular views and landscaped grounds made this a famous riding spot from the fashionable resorts of Clifton, Bath and Hotwells. Another popular option for the horseless or maritime-minded was to hire a boatman in the Bristol to take you down the Avon as far as Shirehampton from where you could easily walk up to the estate. The gardens were open to the public on certain advertised days of the week and it bcame a popular spot for the romantics of the age – poets, authors and artists.

The De Cliffords had been peers since 1299, during the reign of Edward I and was granted to a Norman family that came with William’s invasion of 1066.

The part of the Bristol Channel depicted – ‘King Road’ is still used today as a major shipping area, particularly to swing large ships accessing Portbury or Avonmouth docks.

The Society has published a number of articles on Bristol, including

Bristol Channel Pilotage: Historical Notes on its Administration and Craft’ by Grahame Farr in 1953

The Privateering Voyages of the Tartar of Bristol‘ by M.H. Rodgers in 1931

Bristol Shipping and Royalist Naval Power during the English Civil War‘ by John Lynch in 1988.


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