Royal Naval Psychiatry: Organisation, Methods and Outcomes, 1900-1945
This paper charts the rise of the Royal Naval psychiatric service and identifies the unique issues relating to combat at sea. The article traces the history of mental illness from the incidences noted in the 17th century to the present day, when neurasthenia was most commonly used to identify casualties. In 1942, despite optimistic forecasts from the professionals, about 1% of naval personnel had been referred to psychiatric units. There is a breakdown between surface and submarine services.