Sea Power and the Jacobite Rising of 1745
The relevance of English sea control to the outcome of the Jacobite rising of 1745 is challenged. It is argued that it did not prevent the advance to Derby, nor hamper the retreat to the Highlands. The planned French invasion from Calais and Boulogne was undermined by lack of support from the Ministers of War and Marine before being abandoned after news of the retreat. Though the supply lines of Prince Charles Edward were vulnerable, analysis shows that the majority of French ships despatched in his support got through and returned to France with mission accomplished.