Ships and Empire: The Case of Spain
The development of ships and shipbuilding in Spain through the 16th and 17th centuries is covered using Spanish sources. First are described types of ships, terms used, their advantages and limitations, particularly for the Indies fleets. Size was limited by the characteristics of the harbours and by the vulnerability of larger ships in Caribbean storms. The second section covers the organisation and operation of shipyards; hierarchy of personnel and the subsidies and ordinances that governed them. The third covers the historical development of shipbuilding, prosperity in 16th century, decline and increase of foreign competition in 17th.