Newton Stevens and a Survey of America 1775-1782?
- July 9, 2015 at 7:29 am #9879Sam WillisModerator
I have just found a reference to Newton Stevens who was responsible for the first systematic survey of the Atlantic coasts of North America, created during the American Revolutionary War. Can anyone offer any more information on this or links to published work? One of the most important problems faced – particularly by the British and the French – during the war was a surprising lack of knowledge of the coasts they were waging war in and around. The French were unable to get into New York in 1778 and found Philadelphia difficult a few weeks before. The navigation into Charleston was crucial at two moments in the war as well as at Savannah and various other locations in the South. There were one or two exceptions of course – not least the St Lawrence which Cook surveyed in the Seven Year’s War, and detailed knowledge of which helped the British relieve Quebec from attack right at the start of the American Revolution. it is certain that more detailed knowledge of the coasts in chart form – and on occasion the mere presence of local pilots – would have dramatically changed the war.July 17, 2015 at 6:58 am #9882Alexandre SolkaParticipant
Dear Sam Willis,
How do you do? Thank you for this very interesting question! I am also fascinated by the English Navy times along the coasts of America. I am also preparing an analysis of some letters of Lord Nelson from his times in America.
Regarding strictly Newton Stevens and his Survey of America, I found the following links which bring an excellent first overview of the interesting patterns linked to his survey.
I will be very glad to discuss further this matter with you. I leave you my email (email@example.com and my skype (sashavmoskve).
All the best and I will wait for your answer.
Alexandre SolcàJuly 17, 2015 at 10:22 am #9918Alexandre SolkaParticipant
Hello once again,
I found again two interesting links connected to Harry Newton Stevens collection of 176 Atlantic Neptune folders.
“A London dealer in books and atlases, Stevens amassed, over the course of fifty years, the most complete collection of Atlantic Neptune examples in the world, including first issue charts as well as those charts later revised by Des Barres”. cf. http://www.charlestonrenaissancegallery.com/pages/art/artists/artpayoff/1/976
cf. also as well this site with very important references http://www.donaldheald.com/pages/books/13201/j-f-w-des-barres-1721-1824/a-view-of-the-town-harbour-of-halifax-from-dartmouth-shore
“J.F.W. Des Barres and The Atlantic Neptune”; pp. 18-22; National Maritime Museum (Greenwich), Henry Newton Stevens Collection: 47*a; Cf. Debard, “The Family Origins of Joseph Fredericks Wallet DesBarres: A Riddle Finally Solved”, Nova Scotia Historical Review, Vol 14, No. 2 (1994), p.15. – See more at: http://www.donaldheald.com/pages/books/13201/j-f-w-des-barres-1721-1824/a-view-of-the-town-harbour-of-halifax-from-dartmouth-shore#sthash.bIdFd1Vv.dpuf
as well as this one as well: http://www.bostonraremaps.com/catalogues/BRM2314.HTM
I also found this exhaustive list which is also very interesting. https://heritagechartslog.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/cls-atlantic-neptune-hns-comparative-listing2.pdf
And also these one as well from the Congress Library online http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=gmd&action=browse&fileName=gmd3m/g3301m/g3301pm/gan00003/ct_browse.db&displayType=3&maxCols=3&recNum=0&itemLink=r?ammem/gmd:@field(NUMBER+@band(g3301pm+gan00003))&title2=The%20Atlantic%20Neptune,%20published%20for%20the%20use%20of%20the%20Royal%20Navy%20of%20Great%20Britain,%20by%20Joseph%20F.%20W.%20Des%20Barres,%20under%20the%20directions%20of%20the%20Right%20Honble.%20the%20Lords%20Commissioners%20of%20the%20Admiralty.&linkText=Back+to+bibliographic+information
So here are the main new files I found and I will be glad to discuss of them.
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