Spinola’s Galleys in the Narrow Seas, 1599–1603

By Randal Gray, published February 1978


Randal Gray focuses on Frederico Spinola, scion of an influential and wealthy Genoese family who persuaded King Philip III to give him command of an amphibious raiding force of six galleys based on Flanders as a precursor to an invasion of Elizabeth’s realm. Spinola’s innovative use of galleys – a weapon falling out of favour, forced Queen Elizabeth, amongst others, to re-think the necessity for galleys. A very readable and interesting account of the naval war fought in the English Channel during 1599 to 1603 based on Spanish and English sources.

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Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Navies

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