The First Crusade as a Naval Enterprise
Maritime aspects of the First Crusade have been sparingly reported, but were crucial to its progress. Friendly fleets captured two ports before the crusade reached the east. Supplies reached the crusaders via Byzantine controlled Cyprus and the fastest communication with the west was by sea. Ships came from Genoa and Pisa with lesser contributions from Venice, Flanders and England. However the greatest support came from Byzantium although this was under-reported by western chroniclers.