Author Results for G A Ballard

British Central-Battery ships: Part III Swiftsure and Triumph

By G A Ballard

Swiftsure and Triumph were part of the evolution of Central-Battery ships.   Their character was formed from a blend of features from the Audacious class and the Resistance to make them suitable as flagships for the Pacific station, where they served alternately for twelve years. External and internal designs were drawn from both classes of earlier […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Pacific
Subjects include: Navies | Shipbuilding & Design

British Battleships of 1870 Part X The Royal Oak and Royal Alfred

By G A Ballard

This is the tenth of sixteen MM articles by the author dealing with armoured battleships in the transition period from timber to iron. Seven were converted from conventional wooden ships already under construction. Five of these had also to be lengthened; this group included the Royal Oak and Royal Alfred. The author compares their construction […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies | Shipbuilding & Design

The Century of Portuguese Supremacy in the Indian Ocean

By G A Ballard

Portugal maintained supremacy throughout the Indian Ocean for the duration of the 16th century driven by the lucrative spice trade. All business was under government control and this era marked the zenith of Portuguese prosperity. A trade monopoly was accepted by producers of spices in the east but repeatedly contested by Arab traders in the […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

The First Plan of European Dominion in the Indian Ocean

By G A Ballard

Following Vasco de Gama’s return from his pioneering voyage to India in 1499, a stronger Portuguese naval force was sent to Calicut in 1500 with the aim of establishing a permanent trading presence on the Malabar Coast. But it was not until Vasco de Gama’s second voyage to India in 1502 that he prevailed against […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Indian Ocean
Subjects include: Science & Exploration | Strategy & Diplomacy