Author Results for Geoffrey Callender

The Effigy of Nelson in Westminster Abbey

By Geoffrey Callender

In 1935, the author of this article was enabled to make a close examination of the life-size effigy of Nelson in Westminster Abbey. Made in 1806, it closely follows the full-length portrait by Hopper, of which an engraving has recently been published. The figure is carved out of wood by an unknown artist, and the […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Obituary: George Ernest Manwaring FRHisTS

By Geoffrey Callender

George Ernest Manwaring died in November 1939. He served on the Council of the Society and during 1922-5 was assistant editor of The Mariner’s Mirror, under W. G. Perrin. For a long period, and at the time of his death, he also served on the Council of the Navy Records Society. Coming from a naval […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography

The Portraiture of Bligh

By Geoffrey Callender

Discussion on the relationship, if any, between physiognomy and character. Consideration of the three remaining reliable portraits of William Bligh, the painters and the engravers and mention of other pictures in which he appears or which may be based on one of the three considered reliable. Discussion on whether the evidence of the portraits supports […] Read More

Filed under: Mutiny & Discipline | Other (Eighteenth C) | Pacific | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Biography

The Greenwich Portrait of Sir Francis Drake

By Geoffrey Callender

  The author analyses the images of Drake which have reached us, and remembers that many people consider him as shown in several engravings of the seventeenth and eighteen centuries, whose original was made by the Dutch Hondius in the 16th century with a plate which fell into the hands of George Vertue. Reference is […] Read More

Filed under: Francis Drake | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Biography

Obituary: W. L. Wylie

By Geoffrey Callender

The eminent marine artist and Hon. Vice President of the Society, W. L. Wylie, died in April 1931. He devoted a considerable amount of time in support of the Society’s aim of restoring HMS Victory and produced a number of paintings which were sold to raise funds for the project. A founding member of the […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Biography | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

Obituary: W. L. Wylie

By Geoffrey Callender

William Lionel Wyllie (1851-1931) was a noted marine artist and the inaugural Chairman of the Society for Nautical Research. He also sat on the Victory Technical Committee, painted several major pictures to illustrate the ship, and was (in 1929) elected an Honorary Vice-President of the Society in recognition of his Panorama of Trafalgar within the […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Biography

Obituary: William Gordon Perrin OBE

By Geoffrey Callender

William Gordon Perrin, Admiralty Librarian and the third Hon. Editor of The Mariner’s Mirror, died in February 1931. He had held the post from 1923 until his untimely death. In addition to his duties with the Admiralty and the editing of the journal he also wrote a considerable number of articles that were published in […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography

Acquisition of the Macpherson Collection

By Geoffrey Callender

Following its 1927 success in securing for the Nation a National Maritime Museum, Admiral Sir George Hope was able to announce at the 1928 Annual General Meeting that the Society had ensured the unique Macpherson Collection would become part of the Museum’s collection. A. G. H. Macpherson’s collection consisted of engravings, books, atlases and paintings […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

National Naval and Nautical Museum

By Geoffrey Callender

Admiral Sir George Hope reported to the 1927 Annual General Meeting that the Society’s objective of promoting a National Naval and Nautical Museum was about to come to fruition, although its creation would be delayed for a further five years. It was to be sited in the Queen’s House at Greenwich, with the delay being […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

HMS Victory and Victory Museum

By Geoffrey Callender

The Society acknowledged various gifts to HMS Victory and the museum—including the flag laid over Lord Nelson at the time of his death, which George III had given to Edward Foster, then Miniaturist to the Royal Family. Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

H.M.S. Victory and the Victory Museum

By Geoffrey Callender

The Society unveiled its plans for the new Victory Museum in Portsmouth Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Internal Waterways
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

The Victory Museum

By Geoffrey Callender

Callender reports on the progress thus far in achieving the Society’s objective of building a dedicated museum in Portsmouth Dockyard to house the Nelsonian relics that had accumulated since the preservation of HMS Victory. He also confirmed that the Board of Admiralty was fully supportive of the proposal and highlighted the items that would be […] Read More

Filed under: Nelson | Napoleonic War | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

Obituary: Admiral of the Fleet SIR F.C. Doveton Sturdee BART. GCB KCMG CVO JP LLD

By Geoffrey Callender

Sir Doveton Sturdee died in May 1925 whilst serving as the Society’s second President, a post he assumed in 1922. A renowned senior naval officer, he had been one of the Society’s founding members and worked ceaselessly in the interests of its members. Although initially opposed to the Society’s decision to be responsible for the […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

With the Great Fleet in 1780 Part II

By Geoffrey Callender

This is the continuation of the article published in the previous issue. In 1780 the condition of the fleet was very bad, and many members of the crew were sick. The Admiral followed his orders which included the need of keeping the sea, even the great mortality of men by scurvy, whose incidences are well […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Channel | American Revolution | Other (Eighteenth C) | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

Future of The Mariner’s Mirror

By Geoffrey Callender

There was a lengthy discussion at the AGM as to whether the The Mariner’s Mirror should continue as a thirty-two page monthly, or whether to change to a ninety-six page periodical published once a quarter. In its previous form it kept members better connected to the Society but it was essential the Society kept its […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

Our Lady of the Good Wind

By Geoffrey Callender

This short article introduces a sixteenth century picture, the property of the King of Spain, which had recently made its first public appearance in an exhibition at the Prado Museum, Madrid. Entitled ‘Our Lady of the Good Wind’ by the unknown painter, who then added the secondary title ‘The Patroness of Navigators’. Around the Madonna […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music

Fresh Light on Drake

By Geoffrey Callender

Juan de Castellaňos (1522-1607), soldier and adventurer turned poet and historian, is best remembered for his ‘Elegies on Celebrated Persons in Overseas Spain.’ Volume one was published in 1589 but the other three were suppressed until the mid-eighteenth century, probably because of the 6,000 lines devoted to Sir Francis Drake. Castellaňos is rated a diligent […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Francis Drake | Caribbean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Pirates, Corsairs & Privateers

Drake and his Detractors Part III

By Geoffrey Callender

In this third paper, the author considers the process of Doughty’s trial. Although Doughty pleaded guilty to the charges, he offered in his defence (or mitigation), the fact that he had supported Drake, found him influential friends at Court, and planned and financed the voyage. Drake was able to produce counter-evidence, and the jury, finding […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Drake and his Detractors Part II

By Geoffrey Callender

In the second of this series the author considers another of Drake’s detractors, John Cooke. Drake’s crews included a significant number of young noblemen to prepare them for naval command, and Cooke was one of these. Cooke’s account of Drakes voyage only records the first, fractious section as his ship, Elizabeth, turned back after the […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Atlantic | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

Drake and His Detractors Part I

By Geoffrey Callender

This paper is a response to Robinson’s ‘A Forgotten Life of Francis Drake’ in MM 1921/1, particularly the criticism of its author, and the execution of Thomas Doughty on a number of charges including theft from a prize and brutality. He suggests that the criticism of Drake is based only on the evidence of two […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Tudors | Francis Drake | Mutiny & Discipline | Indian Ocean | Pacific
Subjects include: Science & Exploration

A New Portrait of Anson

By Geoffrey Callender

There is no really satisfactory portrait of Lord Anson available for study by the general public. The Admiral and great Circumnavigator sat to Sir Joshua Reynolds near the end of his life. The Reynolds canvas hangs at Shugborough Park. There are 2 other versions, one in the Painted Hall at Greenwich and another in the […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Biography

A Salvage of Verse

By Geoffrey Callender

Extracts are here set out from an album or anthology of verses and anecdotes kept at sea by A.F. Tracy, an ancestor of the present owner Commander Tracy of the Nautical College, Pangbourne,. They reveal the sort of things that amused or distracted the ward room during the early years of the nineteenth century, such […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Manpower & Life at Sea

Miches, Capsquares and Trunnion Bands

By Geoffrey Callender

I believe that Tudor ” miches, bolts and forelocks ” were simply trunnion fittings. I think that the ” miche ” was what to-day we call the ” cap-square” ; and on the after side of the trunnion I think it was fastened, or jointed, to the ” Bolt,” an iron rod that probably passed […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel | High Middle Ages | The Armada | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies | Weapons

The Budleigh Bench-End

By Geoffrey Callender

A response to a critique by H.H. Brindley (M.M. 1914.2), advanced by reference to the likely comparative date of a Tudor bench-end carving in a church in East Budleigh near Exmouth, of the author’s dating in his earlier article (MM 1913.12) of another bench-end carving of a ship in a church at Bishops Lydeard near […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Art & Music | Miscellaneous | Ship Models & Figureheads

A Battle Ship of the Renaissance

By Geoffrey Callender

The article discusses an image of a ship carved in a bench-end in the church of Bishop’s Lydeard in Somerset. The author advances his arguments for considering the ship to be a vessel from the reign of Henry V11. Based on this, the author highlights various features of the picture that show how it embodies […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

A Medieval Ship in the Ashmolean

By Geoffrey Callender

The ship in question is painted in oils on a panel. The artist is unknown but the picture represents one of the miracles of St Nicholas of Bari, the patron saint of seafarers. The ship is struggling in a gale and the author speculates about the thoughts and actions of those on board.  Details of […] Read More

Filed under: Late Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Shipbuilding & Design

Note: Purchase in the Navy

By Geoffrey Callender

Callender supports David Hannay (MM Volume 2, Issue 6) in his claim that officers did purchase appointments to other ships. As proof he quotes from a contemporaneous publication which contained the following phrase ‘some of them (the officers) exchanged into the ship, for certain unlawful considerations’. Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Administration | Navies

Note: Wyngaerde’s Map

By Geoffrey Callender

Callender elaborates on his article in MM Volume 2, Issue 7. Having been able to carry out further research into the facsimile of Wyngaerde’s map he is able to prove that the version produced by A and C Black was not taken from the genuine 1881 reproductions by the Topographical Society of London. Read More

Filed under: Other (Nineteenth C) | Internal Waterways
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

The Ships of Maso Finiguerra Part III

By Geoffrey Callender

This continues the analysis of the ships portrayed in the fifteenth century drawing of Maso Finiguerra. Perhaps the most valuable features in the works of Finiguerra are the sails. He does not make absolutely clear the cut of the canvas adopted at the time, but he provides sufficient suggestions and hints to give a direction […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Shipbuilding & Design

The Ships of Maso Finiguerra Part II

By Geoffrey Callender

This continues the analysis of the ships portrayed in the fifteenth century drawing of Maso Finiguerra. The drawings do not support the theory that three-masted ships were common in the first half of the fifteenth century. Even the one drawing showing a two-masted ship does not suggest an increase in tonnage and the additional spar […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Shipbuilding & Design

Note: Reports of Courts-Martial

By Geoffrey Callender

“Courts-martial are open courts, although no one is permitted to print the evidence.” wrote Capt. Marryat in about 1830. Olaf Hartelie asked when the prohibition was withdrawn in his article in MM Volume 1, Issue 2. Callender asserts that Marryat was incorrect in his original statement, as it was quite common for the details of […] Read More

Filed under: Mutiny & Discipline | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies

The Ships of Maso Finiguerra Part I

By Geoffrey Callender

In 1873 John Ruskin bought for £1,000 a collection of 99 drawings by a Florentine master of the early fifteenth century, later acquired by the British Museum and attributed by Sir Sidney Colvin to the goldsmith turned engraver, Maso Finiguerra. The drawings contain a number of representations of ships at a period of transition from […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music

Note: Cubbridge Head

By Geoffrey Callender

Callender offer an alternative meaning for Cubbridge Head to that offered by R Morton Nance in his item in MM Volume 2, Issue 8. In his view the phrase refers to the bulkhead at the end of a deck, rather than the actual deck itself. Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Wyngaerde’s Map of London

By Geoffrey Callender

The earliest map of London that has come down to our time is Wyngaerde’s panorama, dating from between 1543 and 1550. It provides a bird’s-eye view of the whole city, together with Westminster and Southwark, from above Southwark High Street. In addition to the many buildings shown are a large number of sailing vessels. More […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Internal Waterways
Subjects include: Art & Music

Note: Tom Collins

By Geoffrey Callender

Callender seeks to clarify the meaning of the phrase “Whether or no, Tom Collins”, which was regularly used in Marryat and Chamier’s writings. He believed it to be the equivalent of willy nilly and not an extract from a tune. (See Olaf Hartelie MM Volume 1, Issue 11). Read More

Filed under: Popular Topics | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music

Note: Boat Davits

By Geoffrey Callender

Callender challenges Sir R Massie Blomfield’s assertion in his article in MM Volume 2, Issue 1 that a pinnace could have been hoisted outside the ship pre-1634. In his experience there had been no mention of davits used in this manner prior to 1790. Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Ship Handling & Seamanship

The Gold Noble of Edward III

By Geoffrey Callender

Early in his reign, King Edward III issued a gold noble (a coin worth six shillings and eightpence) on which he showed himself enthroned on a ship. Historians and numismatists have assumed that this image commemorates the king’s victory in the sea battle at Sluys in 1340, but have lacked documentary confirmation of this supposition. […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Battles & Tactics | Miscellaneous

Le Formidable

By Geoffrey Callender

Le Formidable, an 80-gun ship, took massive punishment before surrendering at Quiberon Bay in 1759. Following a failed attempt by Admiral Hawke at a prisoner exchange, the French seamen were held at the Kings House in Winchester. The author describes the origins of this building and the building of a detailed model of Le Formidable […] Read More

Filed under: Seven Years’ War | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Ship Models & Figureheads