Author Results for R.C. Anderson

The Thirty Years’ War in the Mediterranean Part II

By R.C. Anderson

The second part of this study (Part One is found in 1969 Issue 4) concentrates on the battle for naval supremacy between France and Spain from the return of the French fleet to Toulon in September 1641. Battles off Tarragona and Cape de Gata failed to produce a decisive outcome. By 1644 the French had […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

Denmark and the First Anglo-Dutch War

By R.C. Anderson

The underlying theme of the conflict was about control of the lucrative trade in the Baltic Sea. The prize was the potential to greatly enhance the economy of the trading nations involved. The Danes controlled the choke point of the narrow sound between Denmark and the Swedish mainland. However, the ensuing conflict resulted in a […] Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Dutch Wars
Subjects include: Strategy & Diplomacy

Ship-paintings in the Alhambra

By R.C. Anderson

The Alhambra at Granada houses a series of wall-paintings which consist of eight sea-pieces with a great number of ships of all kinds in each. As the work of one Alexander Mayner, these paintings are devoted to the expedition of Charles V to Tunis in 1535. These paintings depict those ships built between 1523 and […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Ship Models & Figureheads | Shipbuilding & Design

The First Dutch War in the Mediterranean

By R.C. Anderson

The English were completely defeated in the Mediterranean within a year of the start of the First Dutch War. Dutch historians have provided further detail, enabling the author to give a more accurate and comprehensive account of events since he first wrote on the subject. Reinforcements could not be spared from the home theatre and […] Read More

Filed under: Dutch Wars | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Merchant Marines | Navies | Strategy & Diplomacy

The First Fifty Years

By R.C. Anderson

R.C. Anderson took the oppportunity of reaching the fiftieth year of publishing The Mariner’s Mirror to look back to the founding of the Society and check on progress. The most spectacular achievement was the saving and restoration of HMS Victory. Secondly, the estabishment of the Victory Museum in Portsmouth. Occasional publications, historical displays and the […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Miscellaneous

The Mary Gonson

By R.C. Anderson

The specification of a ship similar to those that fought against the French, signed by William Gonson and assigned to 1514, exists in the State Papers. A copy annotated by the late L G Carr Laughton was left with studies he had made in the 1930s. The 1960 paper quotes from the specification and Laughton’s […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

French Masts and Spars in 1780

By R.C. Anderson

Various sources are given for the dimensions of the French ship Majestueux built at Toulon in 1780. Read More

Filed under: Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Mediterranean Galley-fleets in 1725

By R.C. Anderson

In the first part of the eighteenth century the importance of the fighting galley diminished in its Mediterranean home, yet considerably increased in the Baltic. At war with Sweden, Russian-built galleys had gained such advantage within the Baltic archipelagos that a Swedish delegation was sent to study the galleys of France, Venice, Tuscany, and Malta. […] Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Ship Handling & Seamanship | Shipbuilding & Design

The English Fleet at the Battle of Portland

By R.C. Anderson

This article discusses a two-page document found in the National Maritime Museum and containing a list of ships and captains that fought the Dutch in February 1652. The document deals with only two of the three squadrons involved. Details of the third squadron are added; omissions and errors are noted as are reasons for the […] Read More

Filed under: Dutch Wars | English Channel
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

Eighteenth-Century Books on Shipbuilding, Rigging and Seamanship

By R.C. Anderson

An update, in his inimitable style, on a previous article (MM January 1924) on these matters, offering some corrections to his earlier work and giving results of his later researches, including some authors famed in other fields. Read More

Filed under: Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Ship Handling & Seamanship | Shipbuilding & Design

British and American Officers in the Russian Navy

By R.C. Anderson

A large number of principally British officers served in the Russian Navy. This paper is a comprehensive alphabetical list of officers from approximately 1702 – 1830 with the period 1725 – 1804 the most complete, with details of service, including rank and ships sailed on. Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

The Two Battles of Matapan, 1717 and 1718

By R.C. Anderson

In 1717 and 1718 two sea battles occurred off Cape Matapan, on the south western coast of Greece’s Peloponnesian peninsula. On 19 July 1717, a combined fleet of Venetian, Portuguese, Maltese and Papal States vessels (commanded by Pisani) engaged the Turkish fleet (commanded by Kapudan Pasha Ibrahim). Sailing ships predominated, but the battle was probably […] Read More

Filed under: Eighteenth Century | Mediterranean | Other (Eighteenth C)
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

The Oars of Northern Longships

By R.C. Anderson

Whereas the question how Mediterranean vessels in Antiquity were oared has long been discussed, the problem of how the larger rowing vessels of the north and west of Europe in the tenth to fourteenth centuries arranged their oars and rowers has hardly been addressed. As these ships cannot simply be enlarged version of the still […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | Baltic | Late Middle Ages | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Ship Handling & Seamanship | Shipbuilding & Design

The Ancestry of the Eighteenth Century Frigate

By R.C. Anderson

This article describes the changing use of the term frigate, from where it originally came from to the type of vessel we understand today. It provides back ground information from the seventeenth century, including the Royal classification of ‘true frigates’ as classified by James in his Naval History in 1757. The article reviews the layout, […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Navies | Shipbuilding & Design

The Mars and the Adler

By R.C. Anderson

Comparison of the Swedish warship Mars, built 1561-3 and the Lubeck built Adler, built 1565-7. Gives dimensions of Adler and calculation extrapolated from smaller Swedish vessel of Mars. Armaments compared. References to previous articles on same subject. Plates of model, contemporary painting and line drawing of Adler. Read More

Filed under: Baltic | Other (Early Modern)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

English Fleet-Lists in the First Dutch War

By R.C. Anderson

Out of the nine general naval actions of the war of 1652-4 there are only three where we can give a really satisfactory list of the English ships present; the first battle of the war off Dover and the two actions in the Mediterranean. With regard to the rest we vary between almost complete ignorance, […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | Dutch Wars | North Sea | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Biography | Manpower & Life at Sea | Navies

The Publication of Lists of Men-of-War

By R.C. Anderson

Anderson describes his work in the development and publication of lists of warships of the period 1650 – 1700 containing sufficient detail to enable their accurate identification by historians and other writers. Read More

Filed under: Early Modern | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Navies | Shipbuilding & Design

The Royalists at Sea 1651-1653

By R.C. Anderson

A description by this author following earlier articles in the Mariner’s Mirror Vol 9 and Vol 17 setting out the activities of the Royalist fleet under Prince Rupert during the closing stages of the English Civil War and outlining the political complexities of the times. Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Civil War | Dutch Wars | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Strategy & Diplomacy

The Bursledon Ship

By R.C. Anderson

The author recounts the 1933 excavation of the remains of an ancient vessel, sunk in the mud of the Hamble River, between Southampton and Portsmouth. The vessel was at least 125 feet long and clinker-built, using a rather elaborate form of this building technique. The large size, evidence of destruction by fire, and location of […] Read More

Filed under: English Channel | High Middle Ages
Subjects include: Archaeology | Shipbuilding & Design

The Royalists at Sea in 1650

By R.C. Anderson

Detailed study of two complex documents (A Letter from Lisbon and Prince Ruperts Declaration to the King of Portugal) indicates that the residual Royalist fleet under Prince Rupert comprised no more than eleven ships, which are unlikely all to have been simultaneously available for service. Operating from Lisbon, Portugal, they were pursued by stronger Parliamentary […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Civil War | Mediterranean
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Navies

The Royalists at Sea in 1649

By R.C. Anderson

A detailed account is given of operations by Royalist ships during the year 1649 under the command of Prince Rupert. Although the squadron was in poor condition and lacking in resources it still formed the most effective weapon remaining in Royalist hands. With parliament in power in England the base of operations was shifted from […] Read More

Filed under: Atlantic | English Civil War | English Channel | Irish Sea
Subjects include: Battles & Tactics | Strategy & Diplomacy

A “Mayflower” Model

By R.C. Anderson

Little is known of the actual Pilgrim Fathers’ Mayflower, so the author designed and constructed a model of an “English merchantman of the size and date of the Mayflower. Based on the dimensions of the Adventure of Ipswich (1627), the ship is assumed to have been of about 180 tons burthen and 90 feet from stem […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Ship Models & Figureheads

Obituary: Sir Julian Corbett

By R.C. Anderson

The sudden death of Sir Julian Corbett in September 1922 deprived the Society of not only a founder member but one of the nation’s foremost maritime historians. Being Lecturer in History at the Naval War College he was charged with producing the official ‘Naval History of the Great War’; two volumes of which were published […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography

More Doubts about Decks

By R.C. Anderson

Did artists of the Sixteenth Century portray actual ship construction methods or is it safe to assume ships were built entirely differently? A controversial issue is that of stepped decks. From the evidence of Anthony Anthony’s contemporary drawings we have portraits of every ship in the English Navy in 1545 as well as M de […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Art & Music | Navies | Shipbuilding & Design | Weapons

Obituary: Lord Milford Haven

By R.C. Anderson

Lord Milford Haven, formally Lord Louis of Battenberg, died in September 1921, whilst still the serving President of the Society. He held the post from the first AGM in 1910 and but for his sudden and unexpected death would have carried on in this role for many years. Having retired from the Royal Navy he […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography

Obituary: Sir Douglas Owen

By R.C. Anderson

Sir Douglas Owen, who died in November 1920, a founding member of the Society, was elected to be its first Hon. Secretary and Treasurer at the inaugural AGM in December 1910. Prior to this he had been a member of three Committees, General, Ways and Means and Rules, which were established in June 1910 to […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Twentieth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Biography

The “Prince Royal” of 1610

By R.C. Anderson

A realisation that the painting by Vroom reproduced in Laird Cowes’s ‘The Royal Navy’ as ‘the arrival of the Earl of Leicester at Flushing in 1586’ is in fact the arrival of the Elector Palatine in 1613, has led to a consideration of the wealth of portraits available showing the Prince Royal of 1610, illustrated […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music

More Heresies About Decks

By R.C. Anderson

Discussion continues about the number and structure of decks on naval ships of the sixteenth century. In particular where breaks in the deck line would have been located and whether the manger would have been anywhere near the mainmast. The author comments on criticism voiced by Mr Robinson in his second article at MM Vol.6 […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Henry VIII’s “Great Galley”

By R.C. Anderson

On 25th October 1515, just over a year after the launch of the Henry Grace a Dieu, another remarkable ship was added to the English Navy. Named at the launch Princess Mary or Virgin Mary, she was generally known as the Great Galley and for nearly 50 years was one of the largest ships in […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

Two New Sets of Sailing and Fighting Instructions

By R.C. Anderson

Letter from the Admiralty to the Navy Board:- ” Gentlemen,-By command of the Right Honourable the Commissioners of the Admiralty this comes to desire you to send to the Fleet under command of the Right Honourable the Earle of Torrington now at the Spithead, Or to his Office, in order to be sent Thither, One […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Other (Nineteenth C) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Weapons

Jal’s “Mémoire No. 7”

By R.C. Anderson

Auguste Jal, author of “Archéologie Navale” has long been considered a pre-eminent authority on nautical archeology, but following the precedent established in an earlier article by A.B. Wood, Professor Anderson ventures to correct some mistakes in Mémoire No. 7: “Sur les Vaisseaux ronds de Saint Louis”. These corrections deal with the mistranslation of terms in […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Archaeology | Shipbuilding & Design

Models: Some Confirmation and a Recantation

By R.C. Anderson

Pepys states that the Prince had a long rake forward, so that her keel length was small in comparison with that of other ships of the same gun-deck length. We said that this model was “in no way remarkable in this respect,” because its false stem or cut-water did not make a particularly small angle […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Twentieth C)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration

Some Heresies with Regard to Decks

By R.C. Anderson

In this matter of decks it seems to me that Mr. Robinson and Mr. Moore (” M.M.” 1, 178-182) have rather raised ghosts for the pleasure of laying them. According to the former, it is impossible to give a clear account of the development of the ship on the basis of three sub-divisions, forecastle, waist […] Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design

The Royal Sovereign of 1637 Part I

By R.C. Anderson

The Sovereign, Sovereign Royal, Royal Sovereign or Sovereign of the Seas, to give her name in its four variations, was launched at Woolwich, in 1637, having been built by Peter Pett. There are in existence quite a number of representations of ships purporting to be the first Royal Sovereign, the ship of 1637. A painting […] Read More

Filed under: Dutch Wars | Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Harbours & Dockyards | Historic Vessels, Museums & Restoration | Shipbuilding & Design

Big Ships in History

By R.C. Anderson

There are many references to be found here and there to ships of a remarkable size for their epoch. The English Regent, for instance, a ship of 1489, is said to have been of 1,000 tons, and was in all probability the biggest ship of her time. The first figures available, those for the Scottish […] Read More

Filed under: High Middle Ages | American Revolution | Other (Early Modern) | Other (Eighteenth C) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Shipbuilding & Design | Weapons

Note: A Sixteenth Century Ship of Lübeck

By R.C. Anderson

R.M.N. and R.C.A. submit a drawing of a painting held in the Schifferhaus at Lübeck of Der Adler built in 1566, together with a description of the ship and her armament, and a discussion of the discrepancies in the dating of the painting and in the depiction of the ship. Read More

Filed under: Other (Early Modern) | Other (location)
Subjects include: Art & Music | Shipbuilding & Design