Author Results for Randal Gray

Spinola’s Galleys in the Narrow Seas, 1599–1603

By Randal Gray

Randal Gray focuses on Frederico Spinola, scion of an influential and wealthy Genoese family who persuaded King Philip III to give him command of an amphibious raiding force of six galleys based on Flanders as a precursor to an invasion of Elizabeth’s realm. Spinola’s innovative use of galleys – a weapon falling out of favour, […] Read More

Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Navies