A Transformation in Armament

By Engineer Commander F L Robertson RN, published June 1923


In the first half of the sixteenth century a complete change in naval gun-armament took place, from the large calibre bombard, manufactured from longitudinal metal strips welded together, to the truck gun, cast first in bronze and later in iron. Spherical stone projectiles with low muzzle velocity were superseded by cannon balls of relatively high velocity, which facilitated offensive instead of merely defensive action. Improvements in gun-founding technique stimulated by Henry VIII, using foreign craftsmen, enabled first his army and then his navy to catch up with and then to overtake continental practice, and contributed to the growth of English sea power.

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Filed under: Tudors | English Channel
Subjects include: Weapons

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