Transportation of Horses by Sea during the Era of the Crusades Eighth Century to 1285 AD: Part I to c. 1225
Long before the origins of the French term logistique thousands of men and horses were being transported by sea in the Medieval period for numerous campaigns throughout the Mediterranean. Cavalry formed an important part of these forces. From the technological and technical capacity incorporated into specialised horse transports of the Byzantine oared chelandia, to the Crusaders sailed salandria mounted troops could be disembarked effectively onto hostile beaches via landing ramps or through stern ports. Specialised seamanship techniques evolved accordingly, with consideration also being given to regular feeding and watering of the horses onboard.