Between Venice and the Levant: Re-evaluating Maritime Routes from the Fourteenth to the Sixteenth Century
John H Pryor in Geography, Technology and War in 1988 claimed that technological constraints and weather patterns led medieval seaman to choose narrow coastal routes following the Northern Shore in the Eastern Mediterranean between Venice and the Levant. Braudel takes a similar view of 16th and 17th century routes albeit for different reasons. These conclusions are challenged by more detailed analysis of local weather patterns and by analysis of accounts of 130 voyages mainly by pilgrims in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. It appears that Venetian vessels sailed greater distances further from the coast than previously believed.